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The Answer To The Quantum Threat Probably Shouldn’t Be PQA’s – Here’s Why

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Welcome to today’s blog, kids! Today we’re going to examine the rising worry that quantum computers are bringing to cyber security professionals and how to solve them (hint: I’m going to say that post-quantum algorithms (PQA) aren’t enough, but don’t skip to the end!). I won’t waste your time with whether we should be worried about quantum computers – bigger brains than mine have already said we should, so we’re taking that as read.

As we’re all well aware by now, the issue with the most widely-used algorithms is that they rely on one of three math problems: RSA, Diffie-Hellman, and elliptic curve. And of course, once we have a quantum computer with enough processing power to run Shor’s algorithm and solve those problems in seconds, all hell breaks loose.

As a result, most cryptographers both public and private are hard at work creating new, quantum-secure algorithms, or PQAs. While we should consider all elements in adjusting our security approach, there are some major issues with PQAs, mainly that they’re just not safe.

Myths About PQAs: Busted

The first issue with PQAs is that they’ll simply take too long to implement. The US’s NIST is investing heavily in PQA but even if they could come up with a scalable solution, they won’t have a workable solution until about 2024 which can then be added to web browsers and other internet applications and systems.

From the organisation’s own site: “Historically, it has taken almost two decades to deploy our modern public key cryptography infrastructure. Therefore, regardless of whether we can estimate the exact time of the arrival of the quantum computing era, we must begin now to prepare our information security systems to be able to resist quantum computing.”

So, essentially, the process of testing and adopting new PQAs could take decades, but they’re still persisting in the research, rather than finding a faster, more cost-effective solution? That’s not how business works, and it’s certainly not going to satisfy cyber security professionals, let alone being entirely unfeasible for small businesses.

Oh, and by the way: IBM and the Chinese and American governments are looking at 2023 for their 1000-qubit quantum computers. That renders any discussion about decades irrelevant.

Onto The Next Issue

PQAs require an insanely large amount of processing and have huge key sizes. Some estimate that to create a PQA key with the equivalent key strength of AES-256, for example, would consume 1,732,000 cycles. On top of that, let’s say, for example, that we want a level 5 NIST security or AES-256 equivalent) – the key sizes double, as do the signatures.

Government and banking cyber security professionals know that the only way to be secure is to use the globally standardised AES-256 algorithm to find a way to securely distribute their keys. For banking-grade encryption specifically, the symmetric keys used have to be created using an industry-certified random number generator. Obviously, delivery can be a problem when we’re talking about your run-of-the-mill websites and granny checking her email.

Is Trusty Old SKE Really The Answer?

Symmetric keys are known for being secure against any and all forms of attack, though because of the delivery method, PKI has used asymmetric key encryption since its advent in the 1970s. But since it’s so vulnerable to quantum computers running Shor’s Algorithm, SKE is really the only viable option. But wait, is it really that simple? Well, yes.

This is because only the devices with the unique private key created for each transfer are capable of decrypting the data. The result: no alternative device (not even the dreaded quantum computers) can decipher the information transferred.

So, then, if we can solve the problem of delivery method, then SKE is the answer. But is it really the answer when we consider the IoT, cloud storage and how dependant we are on our old infrastructure? It is if you’re the CEO of a company that has developed a cloud-based system for creating symmetric keys from any device, on any scale, that allows users to secure their devices/information by providing a strong device authentication capability over which the symmetric keys can be layered.

That company, Arqit, and its CEO, David Williams, are using satellite delivery to literally instantaneously deliver symmetric keys. The best thing is that it was created with the IoT in mind, works with existing infrastructure, doesn’t cost that much and, oh – it’s already beating quantum computers at their own game.

From Williams: The world needs stronger, simpler encryption, and that is what Arqit has invented. A little like using a pathogen to create its antidote, we use some transformational quantum encryption techniques to create keys that are safe from quantum attacks. These are one time keys, created at the moment they are needed, in a trustless manner.”

And with a zero-trust security approach proving to be not only the best but really, the only logical one, this is something we can all get behind.

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4 Components of Interior Design

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The job of an interior designer is to figure out how to fill a space positively. To create an environment in a room that makes you want to spend time in that room. It is more than deciding which pillows to put where and what color of curtains to put up. It can be overwhelming so you may want to hire someone for Idaho Falls interior design to help you navigate what to put into your home. Below are the main components that are well thought out and help determine how a space is filled. 

Space

When it comes to the space within your home there is negative and positive space. Negative space makes your home feel open, so it is the space that is not necessarily used. Positive spaces are the pieces in your home used, such as your couch or dining table. The key is to find a balance of positive and negative space. You don’t want your home to feel too crowded but you also don’t want it to feel empty. 

Lines and Shapes

There are lines all throughout your home that you may not have even noticed. The three types of lines are vertical, horizontal, and dynamic. These 3 lines give off different feelings within the home and guide your eyes in different directions. Lines that are collected together create a form. This is how you get shapes into your home. Depending on the style that is wanted to be achieved will determine what kind of lines you should use and what forms are used in your home.

Lighting

The amount and type of lighting in a home can make all the difference in the mood within the home. There are two types of lighting, natural and artificial. Natural lighting is obviously what comes in through your windows. It can be manipulated with shade sand curtains if needed. Artificial lighting is made up of task, accent, and ambient lighting. Task lighting is what is needed for day-to-day tasks such as the lights in the kitchen. Accent lighting is to create a focal point in the room such as a chandelier. Ambient lighting is for the sole purpose of creating the mood that you want within the room. 

Color

Particular colors can create different feelings within an individual. It has been shown that colors can have an effect on our moods. For example blue typically brings feelings of calmness to individuals. Color is a detail that is usually picked because of what it looks like but an interior designer is able to think more deeply about what the color means. This allows your home to give off the mood you are looking for. 

What Mood Do You Want to Create?

Decorating your home can be overwhelming due to all the different pieces that make your home come together. You have to think about the space you have, the lines that you have within your home, the shapes that are created, the lighting, and the colors that are within your home. All of these pieces are put together to create a mood within your home and an interior designer helps you achieve that specific mood. 

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Remote Work VS. Digital Nomadism

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Remote Work VS. Digital Nomadism

Remote work may be tempting to an ever-increasing number of people, but not everyone understands the difference between freelancers and digital nomads.

What type of work model should you choose if you want to shift to remote work?

Let’s take a look at the basics.

Digital Nomads

Digital nomads work while traveling. Many of them choose to establish a stable client and found a business in one country before they even start traveling. Traveling is expensive, after all, and there are also local taxes to consider, in addition to the state taxes.

However, it is important to note that digital nomads do not necessarily rely on gigs for a living. In fact, many of these people are entrepreneurs or are looking for long-term contracts with established businesses.

The chief difference between a freelancer and a digital nomad is that the first doesn’t necessarily make a different country their base.

Freelancers

Freelancers are remote workers who like to retain the freedom to live a lifestyle where they can bring their work with them. Unlike digital nomads, these people usually rely on outsourcing or casual gigs, and are more likely to work from their favorite café or park than a different country.

Many freelancers looking for gig work pick projects on specialized platforms. Usually, they aim to establish a steady client base and sometimes even run their own business.

What Does Hiring Digital Nomads and Freelancers Mean for a Business?

First of all, these people are tech-savvy. Unlike employees scared of giving up office work, digital nomads and freelancers are used to virtual communication and are always on top of new tech developments.

The biggest challenge is incorporating them with traditional workers, which is to say that you must train team managers to learn to do things differently.

So, rather than asking yourself what remote workers can offer you, ask yourself what you can offer them.

Here are some ideas.

1. Flexibility

Both digital nomadism and freelancing offer independence but remote workers may have set hours, and may not be able to travel as readily as digital nomads. Some companies are even offering in-house gigs to remote workers, which are operated through the actual company.

Flexible work schedules will be appreciated by both categories, so plan your projects ahead so that you can accommodate different time zones.

2. Taxes

One of the biggest differences is how taxes must be filed when you’re working abroad. Some remote workers may have their taxes taken out, as they’re actual employees, while others may file a 1099 and are responsible for paying their own taxes.

Some digital nomads consider renouncing U.S. citizenship to stay on top of unnecessary costs, but this is not a rule of the thumb.

However, it is highly likely that digital nomads will have considered how to prevent double taxation, which usually means picking one of the following options:

  • The Foreign Tax Credit (FTC)
  • The Foreign Earned Income Exclusion (FEIE)
  • Tax Treaties

3. Roles

Many remote workers and digital nomads go after the same kind of roles. The keyword here is flexibility but also consider the fact that some roles simply cannot be performed remotely. Think in terms of frontline work, for example.

However, you can safely conclude that if a role can be performed remotely, remote workers won’t even consider office work for a second. That’s why these people look for good remote startups to work for, as startups are synonymous with new tech.

Some of the typical roles freelancers and digital nomads perform include (but are not limited to):

  • Blogging and Vlogging
  • Online Tutoring Services
  • Writing and Copywriting
  • Designing
  • SEO and Social Media Services

4. Continued Learning

Both have great opportunities for continuing their education. It can be done part-time as you go, or digital nomads may take entire courses between gigs. For remote workers, some companies may provide eLearning options, while with others, it may be the responsibility of the workers. These courses can range from obtaining degrees to simply brushing up on some soft skills, depending on what a business looks for in their employees.

5. Offer Appropriate Contract Types

As mentioned above, some remote workers and digital nomads run their own businesses, others rely on gigs, and some look for a steady client base regardless of the type of work.

However, what all these people have in common is their expectations of the contractor.

Simply put, a contract you offer must include the following information:

  • Project scope
  • Deliverables
  • Pricing and rates
  • Payment schedule
  • Project timeline
  • Project deadlines
  • Legal terms
  • Cancellation terms
  • Contact details of both parties
  • Ownership and/or copyright
  • Signature of both parties

Think in terms of projects and how to best define the responsibilities of both parties to avoid misunderstanding.

Key Takeaways

Remote workers and digital nomads are a great addition to any team, but there are definitely some things you simply have to offer them if you want them to remain loyal to your business.

Continues learning will always be appreciated, and the same goes for a flexible schedule and appropriate contract.

Whenever in doubt, ask them what they are looking for. Neither remote workers nor digital nomads are shy when voi8cing their expectations!

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Business

How To Start a Digital Portrait Solutions Business in 2022?

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How To Start a Digital Portrait Solutions Business in 2022

P1 – portrait solutions

P2 – Photo Editing Services

In this modern era, youth like to follow their passion because you cannot be happy if you are not doing what you love. Photography is one of the most trending hobbies, thanks to social media platforms like Snapchat, Instagram, etc. If you believe you are good at taking portraits, and it’s high time you turned your passion into a business, read this blog to get crucial tips to get a head start.

❖   Understand the market

Putting your best foot forward is paramount, no matter which industry you’re operating in. Understanding the market is crucial because it will help you comprehend what’s in demand, how much competitors charge for each service, etc. As a positive outcome, you’ll be able to develop better business strategies and set ideal pricing for your digital portrait solutions.
Here’s what you should be doing:

  • Check the websites of other photographers. It will help you understand how efficiently they provide the services you wish to offer and at what rate.
  • Read negative reviews about other photographers to understand where they fail and how you can excel in the same area.
  • Set your pricing below the competition to catch the eyes of potential customers. You can go one step further by offering additional benefits if a customer chooses a mid-premium or premium plan.

❖   Bring portrait photography equipment at your disposal

To ensure that you never fall behind while working, ensure that you have all the necessary equipment like cameras, lenses, lights, batteries, calibration devices, photo editing software, etc. However, there’s no need to go bankrupt to buy high-quality gear.

Initially, invest only in the must-haves. Once your business starts growing, it will be easier to upgrade your gear and diversify your collection.

If you find yourself in a situation where you must use expensive equipment to maintain your work quality, rent the necessary gear rather than spending all your money at once. This wise move will help you offer the finest photo editing services without breaking the bank.

❖   Get a photography portfolio website ready

To increase the reach of your business, it is important to make it available online. When the organic traffic to your website starts growing, your business is heading in the right direction.
Since you are in a creative field, make sure that your website speaks volumes about your digital portrait solutions. Never take this lightly because if your online visitors are not attracted to the look and feel of your website, it is highly unlikely that they will choose your photo editing services. The only way to win their trust is to leave a lasting impression on them through your website.

Here’s what you should keep in mind while getting your photography portfolio website ready:

  • Display your best work in the form of banners on your website. There is no need to put all your work on your website. Simply highlight your USPs.
  • Make sure your website looks professional and has a modern touch.
  • Make your website mobile-friendly so that it can be accessed easily.
  • Reduce the loading time of your website as much as possible to give a better experience to your visitors.
  • Put your contact information on your website to let potential clients easily share their queries with you.
  • Select the best domain name because clients will be able to check your website effortlessly if it is easy to recall.
  • Create sections like about us, contact us, blog, pricing, etc., to make your website look legit and information-rich.

Wrapping up:

Stepping into the business world is not easy because you must deal with various risks initially and give your best all the time to stand out in the crowd. Plus, you must stay patient while working hard, as the desired results won’t come overnight.

Becoming a business owner is not easy because the probability of failing is high if making money is your only goal. However, your chances of success increase when you decide to offer creative services like digital portrait solutions. If you are confident that you have a creative eye and technical skills to take any portrait to the next level, your decision to start a business is correct.

With the help of this blog, we have tried to share crucial insights into what you should be doing to get off to an ideal start. All the tips mentioned here are essential because if you don’t do your market research, you will be crushed by your competitors sooner or later. Similarly, having the right tools and an attention-grabbing website plays a vital role in boosting the sales of your photo editing services. We hope you’ll use these tips and implement them for a dream start.

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