Connect with us

Disease

Staying Healthy Out There: Are There Different Types of Bacteria?

Published

on

Are There Different Types of Bacteria

There’s no getting away from bacteria. They exist everywhere except in sterile environments.

These simple single-celled organisms are Earth’s dominant lifeform, comprising around 78% of the species on the planet.

It’s this great diversity that allows bacteria to thrive in our environment and even inside our bodies. Most bacteria are beneficial, but there are a few that can cause serious ailments like bacterial meningitis or mild irritations like bacterial vaginosis.

Let’s investigate some of these types of bacteria.

What Are Bacteria?

These tiny organisms are neither plant nor animal. They’re single-celled organisms known as prokaryotes.

A bacterial cell is incredibly simple, with no nucleus and free-floating DNA.  They’re usually surrounded by two or three protective coatings, although some bacteria have no cell wall at all.

They move around and attach to their hosts via whip-like extensions called flagella and pili.

Major Types of Bacteria

Bacteria are so minuscule that a gram of sand can contain as many as 40 million of them.

That means, the methods used to identify bacteria include complex laboratory tests well beyond the scope of the average layperson.

Your doctor can identify some types of bacterial infection from the symptoms, but they’d need to conduct a lab test to tell you exactly which type has invaded your body.

These are the main types of bacteria that we know about:

Aerobes (Aerobic Bacteria)

These bacteria need oxygen to survive. They’re the bacteria behind bad smells, corrosion, and problems with the water clarity.

They play an important role in decomposition and decay.

Anaerobes (Anaerobic bacteria)

These bacteria can only thrive in the absence of oxygen. They’re a useful part of our digestive tract and vital for gut health.

Anaerobic bacteria cause ailments like abscesses, appendicitis, sinusitis, pneumonia, and tetanus.

Facultative Anaerobes (Facultative Anaerobic Bacteria)

Although these bacteria prefer oxygen-rich environments, they can survive without oxygen too. Salmonella is an example of a facultative anaerobe.

You’ll find these bacteria in vegetation, soil, and water.

Mesophiles (Mesophilic Bacteria)

Mesophiles prefer moderate temperatures. Their sweet spot is around 98 °F, which is the normal temperature of the human body.

These bacteria are usually useful to mankind in that they help make cheese and yogurt, and also keep our digestive systems healthy. Some of them, like Streptococcus and Listeria, can make us ill.

Bacteria That Can Make Us Sick

Within the above classifications, scientists also group bacteria according to their shapes. Most bacteria have one of three forms, as follows:

Rod-Shaped Bacteria

Cylindrical bacteria, called bacilli are usually straight. Vibrio are rod-shaped bacteria with a curved appearance. Bacillus anthrax, which causes the serious disease anthrax, is a type of rod-shaped bacteria.

Spherical Bacteria

These ball-shaped bacteria, or cocci, occur in strips, rows, or clusters. The streptococcus group of spherical bacteria causes the well-known ailment ‘strep throat’.

Spiral Bacteria

Spiral bacteria go by the name spirilla. Spirochetes are spiral bacteria with a very tight coil. Spirillum bacteria can cause Lyme disease, syphilis, and leptospirosis.

Bacteria For Your Health

So, yes, there are many different types of bacteria. While some of them may cause serious ailments, the vast majority are beneficial.

Doctors can control most bacteria with a course of antibiotics, so you needn’t live in fear of bacteria.

If you’re interested in the latest health-related news, information, and snippets, explore some more of our articles.

Continue Reading
Click to comment
Subscribe
Notify of
0 Comments
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments

Disease

Anhedonia: When Nothing Brings Joy

Published

on

By

Anhedonia

What is anhedonia?

It is a term that was initially used in 1896 by Théodule-Armand Ribot, and it meant a reduced ability to experience pleasure. People experiencing anhedonia will find themselves losing interest in things that used to bring them joy. It is also known as emotional flatlining.

According to the Diagnostic Manual of the American Psychiatric Association (APA), anhedonia is a symptom of depression and is not classified as a disorder. It also can be the symptom of other mental issues.

It is a symptom that might require professional help from a licensed therapist, psychiatrist, or GP. Today, with online therapy and telehealth websites, it’s easier to care for your mental health.

Causes of Anhedonia

Researchers can’t surely define a clear cause of anhedonia, but there have been some theories that involve:

  • Dopamine production
  • Inflammation
  • Chronic stress
  • Other health issues

Dopamine plays a big part in our ability to feel pleasure, and thus, when its production is limited, it creates emotional flatlining. Dopamine shortage results from low production of dopamine, poor dopamine reception, or overactive prefrontal cortex.

Inflammation has also been thrown around as a possible cause because the proteins that cause it are found among people with anhedonia in large quantities. The proteins (cytokines and CRP) are responsible for targeting and destroying bacteria. However, in excessive quantities, they travel to the brain and hinder dopamine production, possibly leading to the feeling of no joy.

Anhedonia also sometimes develops as the result of other health issues. For example, if a person is diagnosed with a condition that affects dopamine production, it can be the cause of the symptoms of emotional flatlining.

Risk Factors

Anhedonia is often associated with other mental disorders like bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, and depression. It is also associated with alcohol abuse. The symptom also develops as a side effect of amphetamines and even some drugs used in treating mental disorders.

Sometimes, people develop anhedonia who have PTSD or after experiencing traumatic events in their lives.

Other risk factors include:

  • Anxiety
  • Major illness
  • Eating disorders
  • Addiction
  • Stress

It’s worth noting that females are at more risk to develop anhedonia.

 Anhedonia Symptoms

There are two types of anhedonia — social and physical. The social anhedonia involves being disinterested in social contact and lacking pleasure from social situations.

Physical anhedonia, on the other hand, involves being unable to experience psysical pleasures like: touching, eating, and even sex.

The symptoms of anhedonia include:

  • Becoming socially withdrawn
  • The lack of active relationships and or even withdrawal from previous relationships
  • Experiencing negative feelings directed at yourself or other people
  • Having no desire to be intimate even when you still perform physically
  • Finding it difficult to adjust to social situations
  • An inability to be excited during special moments, e.g., your wedding day or when your favorite team wins a sports competition.
  • Having to fake emotions when with others, e.g., pretending you care about things you don’t
  • Being unable to grieve when you lose a loved one
  • Hearing your favorite music playing but being unaffected
  • Reduced use of verbal or non-verbal expressions
  • Being unmotivated and lose interest in things you once enjoyed, for example, hobbies
  • Forgetfulness and having trouble concentrating

Emotional flatlining can go to the extremes and even affect your relationships. For example, a mother suffering from it can hold their child and feel no love or even a connection of any kind.

Diagnosing Anhedonia

Although the above symptoms should help you detect this issue and from there, visiting a doctor is the best solution. A doctor can make a diagnosis by asking you some questions related to your symptoms.

Before making the visit, note down all the symptoms you have experienced that you think might be related to anhedonia. It will ensure you don’t forget some of them when asked to list them down.

Honesty is important during anhedonia diagnosis. Tell your doctor all the symptoms, even those that might seem minor, as it gives them a clear picture.

Sometimes the diagnosis might involve a physical assessment to identify any physical symptoms. You can also be asked to take blood tests for any nutrient deficiencies or thyroid issues.

Treatment

Treating anhedonia is challenging. You will need to treat the mental issues that cause the symptoms, for example, a depressive episode. The treatment will require seeking help from a medical professional.

You should visit your health care provider to get a diagnosis. From there, they will decide the best way forward. If the tests indicate no signs of medical issues, they can refer you to a mental health professional, such as a psychiatrist or a therapist.

The doctor might recommend a specific mental health professional, or you take it upon yourself to find a therapist to talk to. Calmerry is among online therapy platforms where people can get the support from a licensed therapist from the comfort of their homes.

 Self-Care

Aside from seeking professional help, there are some lifestyle changes you should consider and try. They include:

  • Kickstarting your self-love by treating yourself the same way you would treat your best friend
  • Identify your negative thought patterns and work towards correcting them
  • Keep a record of everything you are grateful for
  • Do things you enjoyed in the past, but don’t pressure yourself to receive pleasure from them
  • Unplug from time to time and limit your social media use
  • Take care of yourself by eating well, exercising, meditating, and getting enough sleep

 Final Thoughts

Even though it is not recognized as a disorder, anhedonia adversely affects a person’s life — mental health, daily activities, job, and even relationships — because of the lack of motivation, joy, and interest.

Also, anhedonia may be a symptom of life-threatening disorders such as depression acoording to cnns news. Thus, it is important to detect anhedonia early and seek out professional help.

Author bio

Kate has a B.S. in Psychology and an M.A. in Clinical Psychology from

Pepperdine University and has been working in healthcare since 2017. She

mainly treated depression, anxiety, eating disorders, trauma, grief, identity,

relationship, and adjustment issues. Her clinical experience is focused on

individual and group counseling.

Follow Kate here: https://www.linkedin.com/in/kate-skurat-5348381b9/

Continue Reading

Disease

Have You Been Injured When Taking Zantac?

Published

on

By

Have You Been Injured When Taking Zantac

Oftentimes, you spend the night tossing and turning because of intense heartburn. You’ve been taking Zantac for years to calm the symptoms. It’s not until you go in for a routine doctor’s visit that you realize you put yourself in great danger.

You got a cancer diagnosis as a direct result of taking the drug. Now you’re scared and trying to figure out how you’re going to pay for treatment.

While nothing can make up for the pain and suffering you’re going through because of Zantac ingredients, you may be able to get some compensation to pay for your medical bills. Keep reading to learn more.

What Led to the Zantac Recall?

If you have regular heartburn and acid reflux, you may have been taking Zantac generic over-the-counter medicine for years. What you didn’t know is that it contains an ingredient by the name of N-Nitrosodimethylamine. It’s a toxic chemical that can cause stomach, bladder, brain, liver, kidney, and esophagus cancer.

All antacids and Ranitidine products have a trace amount of this chemical. It was recently found out, however, that Zantac contains an unacceptable amount. Enough to be quite dangerous, in fact.

While the box lists out all the Zantac side effects a person should be looking out for, it fails to mention that one. It’s thought that the company should have known about the risk and told the public about it.

Instead, they continued raking in profits while people’s lives were at risk. It’s for these reasons and more why the drug is no longer on shelves, and a class-action lawsuit went out.

Who is Entitled to Compensation?

If you’ve gotten a cancer diagnosis as a direct result of Zantac ingredients, you may be entitled to some form of compensation to cover your medical bills.

To know for sure if you qualify, you’ll have to submit your case information to zantacsettlement.org.

What Compensation is Available?

Medical compensation isn’t the only thing you’re entitled to. You’ll have to be out of work while you’re receiving treatment. During this time, you’ll have no way to pay for your home and utility bills.

You might be able to get help with that, depending on your case. You can also get compensation for future financial loss if you can’t go back to work once your treatment is over.

Since this is a class-action lawsuit, there is a good chance that you’ll get something out of your case. It doesn’t matter if you’re going against a big company name.

Get the Justice You Deserve

Have you received a cancer diagnosis after taking Zantac for years? You’re not alone. Many people are going through the same thing you’re going through.

Stand strong and submit your case details. You may be able to get compensation for all your pain and suffering.

Want to stay up to date on the Zantac situation? Check out the Law section of our blog to keep up with all the latest details.

Continue Reading

Disease

How Can We Detect Colon Cancer Early?

Published

on

By

How Can We Detect Colon Cancer Early

Colon cancer is one of the deadly cancers that have risen from the dirty waters of our colon. We must be aware that it can spread in our body and even to other parts of our bodies through the bloodstream. Hence, the need for us to find ways to detect colon cancer early. This is important in avoiding such dangerous diseases. The following are the ways to avoid colon cancer.

What is colorectal cancer?

In order to determine how to detect colon cancer early, one needs to know what colorectal cancer is. Cancers that start from the colon are also called internal colon cancer, while colon cancers that spread to the other part of your body are referred to as external colonic cancer. The colon that along with the rectum, also is known as the large intestine and is used to move and process food through your entire body, from your mouth to your rectum and back again. If any of this undigested waste material should become stuck, it will eventually build-up to the point where it forms a hard mass on the inside of your colon called a tumor.

How can we determine the stage of cancer?

It is really hard to determine the stage. Physicians will tell us how many times the cancer cells appear on the imaging and how many times it has spread. They may even tell us if the cancer has spread to the lymph nodes. There are some factors that need to be considered in finding out the stage of the disease. The most common one is the change in bowel habits. If the disease has not spread widely to the other organs, there will be no symptoms. But, the patient will need to know this for him/herself, or else, it will become a guessing game.

How can we detect colon cancer? It is really hard to say. You cannot find out the symptoms of cancer in its early stages. Early-stage cancer gives us less time to do something about the disease. Most of the people who have colorectal cancer have no idea about its stages. So it becomes a challenge for doctors to detect such illnesses in their initial stages, which is very important in finding cures.

Have a regular physical examination

One of the ways to detect colon cancer early is to have a regular physical examination. We may be able to detect if there is the presence of any tumor or bleeding because of the regular examination. Also, doctors can know if there are cancer cells present by doing some tests like sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy. Doctors can also find out the severity of cancer by doing any physical examination.

How can we detect colon cancer?

How can we tell whether it is present or not? There are some common signs that indicate the presence of the disease. There are some symptoms that need to be checked constantly. If they are ignored, the chances of detecting the disease will be lesser.

Having serious abdominal pains

There is no sure way to tell whether it is present or not. However, there are some indicators that help the physicians in judging the situation. If the tumor of the colon is causing some serious pain in the part of the digestive tract and the patient is complaining about feeling bloated and constipated, this should be the cause for further investigations. These symptoms should also be present in any of the other diseases of the colon.

As mentioned earlier, there is no fool-proof method to determine the presence of this disease. There are some signs and symptoms that help the doctors in judging the situation. However, if the tumor of the colon continues to grow, it is necessary to consult with experts. They will tell you how to detect the disease and give you the best treatment available for the same.

Through various tests

How can we tell if the tumor of the colon has grown big? There is no way that you can do so on your own unless you are a doctor. There are various tests that are done by doctors to determine the growth of the tumor. This is done to determine whether the tumor of the colon is growing beyond the limits and causing some serious harm. The tumor needs to be surgically removed. If the size is too big, it cannot be treated using normal methods.

How can we tell if the tumor is dangerous? If it is found in an early stage, it can be cured. However, if it is left untreated, it can lead to death. Therefore, it is important to get it sorted out as soon as it is detected.

Continue Reading

Title

Keeping Your Pillow Looking New Keeping Your Pillow Looking New
Home Improvement15 hours ago

Various Methods for Keeping Your Waifu Pillow Looking New

Because of the price and collecting nature of a waifu pillow purchase from Sakume, you’ll need to take some steps...

How to Create an Organization System for Legal Documents How to Create an Organization System for Legal Documents
Law17 hours ago

How to Create an Organization System for Legal Documents

Losing an important document isn’t just frustrating, but it could also be detrimental to your business. Having an organizational system...

Know How You Can Make The Most Out Of Your Small Office Space! Know How You Can Make The Most Out Of Your Small Office Space!
Home Improvement20 hours ago

Know How You Can Make The Most Out Of Your Small Office Space!

If you’re stuck in a 10-6 job at your cubicle in the office, you may as well definitely want to...

Buying the Best Quality Pet Food In Australia Buying the Best Quality Pet Food In Australia
Pet20 hours ago

Buying the Best Quality Pet Food In Australia

Dogs can eat anything from anywhere, from trash on the sidewalks to the scarps from your table. When it is...

How to Keep Carpet Clean- 6 Easy Ways You Must know How to Keep Carpet Clean- 6 Easy Ways You Must know
Home Improvement20 hours ago

How to Keep Carpet Clean- 6 Easy Ways You Must know

The home Décor and interiors of the house are as important as the outside. It is always pleasant to walk...

Everything You Need to Know About the Hottest Trend in CBD Everything You Need to Know About the Hottest Trend in CBD
CBD2 days ago

CBD 101: Everything You Need to Know About the Hottest Trend in CBD

One most potent industry development in recent years has been in the field of cannabis and cannabidiol. The main sectors...

[pii_email_b47d29538f12c20da426] [pii_email_b47d29538f12c20da426]
Tech2 days ago

[pii_email_b47d29538f12c20da426] Error Fixed With Easy Methods

Oh, wondering why I got this [pii_email_b47d29538f12c20da426] code? How I can fix [pii_email_b47d29538f12c20da426]? We are here to help you out,...

[pii_email_37f47c404649338129d6] [pii_email_37f47c404649338129d6]
Tech2 days ago

[pii_email_37f47c404649338129d6] Error Fixed With Easy Methods

Oh, wondering why I got this [pii_email_37f47c404649338129d6] code? How I can fix [pii_email_37f47c404649338129d6]? We are here to help you out,...

What Does a Federal Workers' Comp Lawyer Do What Does a Federal Workers' Comp Lawyer Do
Law3 days ago

What Does a Federal Workers’ Comp Lawyer Do?

Have you suffered an injury while at work? Are you at a loss as to how to approach the situation...

Tips for Organizing Successful Brand Ambassador Programs Tips for Organizing Successful Brand Ambassador Programs
Business3 days ago

Tips for Organizing Successful Brand Ambassador Programs

Branding is a vital aspect of businesses, and a good strategy will enhance the credibility of a company, making it...

Categories

Title

Trending

0
Would love your thoughts, please comment.x
()
x