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What to expect when taking a policing course



What to expect when taking a policing course

Becoming a police officer is an impactful and meaningful way to give back to your community.

Formal education is not always required to become a police officer; a high school diploma is usually the minimum required qualification. It is rarely mandatory to have a bachelor’s, associate’s or graduate degree. Instead, more specialized and extensive training is typically required.

Police academies are usually responsible for supplying this training at the state, regional or local level. Therefore, many aspiring officers may wonder why they should attempt to get a degree in law enforcement. The two biggest reasons getting a degree is worth the effort are better opportunities for advancement and potentially higher pay.

How can education help aspiring police officers, and what can they expect when they embark on advanced police studies?

Police officer careers

Police officers swear an oath to serve and protect their communities by enforcing laws; obtaining warrants, arresting, and interviewing suspects; securing accident and crime scenes; writing detailed reports; and testifying in court. They also have a myriad of other duties. Officers are frequently expected to respond to emergency calls and work shifts around the clock.

The duties of police officers can be diverse and numerous depending on their training, length of service and appointment.

Some police officers may work on SWAT teams, where they will be required to know procedures and tactics for performing in dangerous conditions, while others may work with K-9 units and respond to suspicions of weapons or illegal substances in property and vehicles.

The daily routine of many police officers is likely to involve patrolling a particular area, such as a portion of a city or a town. As a police officer moves up the ranks, the crimes they investigate may range from petty theft to homicide.

Law enforcement and other related degrees

Officers who want to advance in the field of law enforcement will find a wide range of advanced police studies degree courses that can be helpful.

Certificate in law enforcement

A certificate in criminology or criminal justice is a method that individuals can use to get specific instruction in a particular law enforcement area.

These certificates can be completed by taking a few classes over the course of a couple of months, and they provide the chance to begin an associate degree without needing to commit to the full two years right away.

Certificates can also be very helpful because there are some departments that require college credits from their applicants but not a full degree.


Criminology courses examine the theoretical and conceptual explanations and reasoning behind criminal behavior.

Skills that one can expect to gain from these courses include understanding commonly used definitions, applying the principles of criminology to explain particular kinds of behavior, and a deeper knowledge of the principles and foundational assumptions of criminal behavior.

The criminal justice system

These courses teach students about the criminal justice system and its inner workings.

Skills that one can expect to gain from these courses include knowledge of courtroom procedures, familiarity with criminal procedures and laws, and understanding the criminal process from arrest through imprisonment.


These classes teach the basic ideas and theories behind criminal punishment and rehabilitation.

Skills gained include how to make use of different philosophies related to criminal punishment, familiarity with the common practices of a correctional facility, and the ability to correctly adhere to the established protocols and procedures of a number of different correctional facilities.

Law Enforcement – Associate Degree

Graduates of an Associate Degree in Law Enforcement program will be prepared for a career in the police force by learning the required information for passing entrance exams into police academies.

An Associate Degree can be completed in two years and is a well-rounded program that also has general education courses. It can be a stepping stone for those interested in furthering their studies to obtain a Bachelor’s Degree.

All Associate Degree programs are tailored to local and regional law enforcement department requirements, which mean that different programs will have different curriculums.

However, incoming students can expect to tackle a number of standard classes, including crime types, police strategy and investigating crime scenes.

Crime types

These classes will discuss a variety of different crimes, including organized, property and white collar crime.

Skills gained in these classes include an understanding of many different crime types, knowledge of victimless crimes, and how to tell crimes apart from one another.

Police strategy

These classes teach students to make use of police intelligence for more effective management of police resources and public protection.

Skills gained in these classes include the application of police analytics and the production of predictive policing maps, the development of strategies and production of police intelligence, and the allocation of limited resources in order to better prevent crime.

Investigating crime scenes

These classes teach students the proper management of a crime scene and how to gather evidence.

Skills gained in these classes include an understanding of the protocols associated with gathering evidence, including chain of custody, the use of crime reconstruction methods, and ways of collecting evidence.

Bachelor’s Degree in Law Enforcement

It usually takes around four years to complete a Bachelor’s Degree in Law Enforcement, and it can include a wide array of different subjects and topics.

There are prototypical degrees, such as those in criminal justice, law enforcement and criminology studies, but there are also other majors that can be good for police officers.

For example, a degree in accounting can be helpful to officers who would like to pursue white collar investigations, while those hoping for a career in cybercrimes or cyber forensics would be well served by completing a degree in computer science majors.

Those in actual law-related bachelor’s degree programs will find a number of specific courses available to them, including police ethics, emergency planning and police models.

Police ethics

This course examines ethical and moral dilemmas, with skills learned including familiarity with common sources of unprofessional and unethical police conduct and the ability to identify the police actions and culture that facilitate unethical behavior.

Other skills learned include the application of particular strategies and tools to deal with ethical problems.

Emergency planning

This course looks at instruction in emergency management and teaches students risk reduction methods and tools.

Skills learned include risk management and mitigation practices and familiarity with the type of organizations that often supply their services during a crisis.

The course also allows students to gain experience in riot control and non-lethal uses of force.

Police models

This course exposes students to a wide array of different policing models that are used at the federal, local and state levels.

Skills gained during this course include information management and intelligence gathering methods; an understanding of the way in which management and organizational methods differ between local, state and federal police; and the most efficient management methods to deal with problems.

Master’s Degree in Law Enforcement

Master’s-level law enforcement degrees are tailored to a number of specific professional goals, including advanced and specialized knowledge in certain areas, such as intelligence, leadership and research.

A Master’s Degree in Law Enforcement can be particularly valuable to those who are looking to advance in their professional career and usually involve around two years of additional schooling.

There are a variety of classes involved in a Master’s Degree in Law Enforcement, including criminal statistics, intelligence gathering and criminal justice professional development.

Criminal statistics

This course teaches students fundamental analysis methods and techniques.

Skills learned include a familiarity with statistical models, the ability to confirm the validity of the use of statistical data, and the ability to draw helpful conclusions from the interpretation of data.

Intelligence gathering

This course addresses intelligence and surveillance techniques and methods.

Skills learned in this course include conducting intelligence gathering operations, knowledge of the legal issues involved in intelligence gathering and how to make use of information obtained via surveillance, and how to take the operational and logistical limitations associated with intelligence gathering into consideration.

Criminal justice professional development

This class teaches students about the principles and concepts associated with leadership and management.

The skills gained from this course include effective leadership methods within the context of law enforcement, law enforcement career advancement strategies, and an understanding of underlying management practices.

What does a successful career as a police officer involve?

Police officers, like many other professionals, make use of special skills and tools.

In the case of police officers, these skills and tools are unique in the sense that serious problems can arise if they go missing as they are important to the safety of both the general public and the officers themselves.


Software engineers are expected to have a broad base of knowledge and skill sets in a wide variety of technical and nontechnical proficiencies.


Leadership qualities are of vital importance, not just for leading fellow officers but also to help the general public when they need it.

Police officers need to have the ability to assess situations and tell people what to do to stay safe.

Sound judgment

Police officers face a number of problems for which there are no simple solutions.

Sometimes complex solutions may be required to do the right thing, and the line between right and wrong can become blurry, which means that sound judgment is an essential quality for an officer to have to make the best decisions they possibly can.

Reading people

Every day, police officers interact with members of the general public, which makes it essential for them to have the ability to tell when something is not right. This is often more related to subtext and intuition than what is actually being said.

Officers will also deal with disagreements that come down to the word of one person over another, making it essential to be able to tell who is lying and who is telling the truth.

Stamina and strength

Being a police officer is extremely demanding work, whether it involves rescuing civilians, chasing criminals, or working very long hours.

While this level of drama will not be part of all police work, it is still vital for officers to have physical stamina and strength.

Psychological strength

Police officers often encounter scenarios that most ordinary people could not even imagine. They may not be able to continue their career if they do not possess the psychological strength to be able to cope with the extreme situations they encounter as part of their job.

Tech and tools

There are a variety of different tools and technology that police officers will handle as part of their duties.

These tools include firearms, body armor, handcuffs, a radio, radar speed detector, flashlights, a police car, non-lethal weapons, laptops, surveillance equipment and breathalyzers.


Police officers are expected to be able to gain and maintain particular licenses and certifications, especially those that relate to basic first aid, CPR and firearms.

There will also be several opportunities beyond those basic credentials for officers to gain further credentials in areas such as management, crime scene investigation techniques, arson investigation and special weapons and tactical training.

Many special training regimes and certifications will be specific to certain municipalities or individual departments.

A career in law enforcement can be rewarding, exciting and even fun, and there are countless reasons someone might want to become a police officer.

It is not difficult to understand why some people are attracted to the role of police officer given the job security and the many fringe benefits, but it is important to be aware of certain factors before deciding to take the plunge and take a policing course.

Becoming a police officer is not a job for everyone, and some people will simply be unsuited to the work for various reasons. However, for those who are a good fit for police work, the opportunities for advancement are numerous.

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High School Internships: Building Blocks for Your Future



High School Internships

Internships for high school are more than a mere tick on a resume. Today, they lay the foundational blocks toward a more considered and well-planned future. Navigating school years is a formidable challenge for students. However, the journey can be enriched with valuable lessons and skills acquired through internships.

Real-world Exposure:

  • Internships provide high school students with a taste of working life outside the academic bubble. They offer an escape from textbooks and classrooms, presenting potential career paths to explore. This real-world exposure is invaluable for students trying to identify their early interests and passions.

Skill Development:

  • Beyond textbook learning, internships offer practical application of skills. From communication and problem-solving to technical abilities, students gain hands-on experience that extends beyond traditional educational boundaries.

College Admissions Advantage:

  • In the competitive race for college admissions, internships can be a significant advantage. They demonstrate to admissions officers a proactive, action-oriented approach to learning and success.

Start Early:

  • Starting internships early can lead to greater success. While some programs are tailored specifically for high school students, providing a structured introduction to the working world, others span various fields like business and bio-medicine. This early exposure smooths out the transition from academic concepts to career realities.

Leverage Networking:

  • Networking is crucial in career building. Internships offer high school students opportunities to connect with professionals in their field of interest. These connections can provide mentorship and valuable insights for future career endeavors.

Tailor Internships to Career Goals:

  • It’s important for students to seek internships aligned with their career goals. Whether in STEM, arts, or business, targeted internships offer more focused and relevant experiences. Colleges look beyond academic scores, valuing the ability to apply theoretical knowledge in practical settings. High school internships provide a tangible demonstration of a student’s active engagement in learning and development.

Standout Applications:

  • Internships enhance college applications by showcasing practical skills acquired outside the standard curriculum. These experiences make applicants stand out to admissions officers.

Demonstrating Initiative:

  • Internships reflect a student’s capacity to tackle challenges and take initiative. This quality is highly valued in the college admissions process, indicating an active and dynamic approach to learning and personal development.

Insight into Chosen Field:

  • For students with clear career objectives, internships provide hands-on experience in their chosen field. This direct exposure aids in making informed decisions about college courses and future professions.

Finding the Right Internship: Advice from College Admissions Experts

Embarking on a high school internship journey involves selecting the right opportunity, navigating the first day, and adapting to different professional environments.

Research Opportunities:

  • Students should thoroughly research internship opportunities. Many organizations offer programs specifically designed for high school students, providing a more structured experience than self-directed options.

Seek Guidance:

  • Consulting with knowledgeable counselors, such as those from IVY’D, who have experience and insights into specific internship programs, is beneficial. Their team of Ivy League graduates and admissions advisors can guide students towards internships that align with their academic, personal, and professional goals.

Leverage Resources:

  • IVY’D focuses on empowering communities and individuals. They offer free college preparation workshops for nonprofits, libraries, and schools, providing students with the guidance needed to pursue higher education.


Internships for high school are not just about ticking a box; they represent an investment in personal and professional growth. These experiences lay the groundwork for success in education and beyond, helping young individuals find their passion and interests. The high school internship process grants invaluable experiences, develops coping skills, and provides insightful perspectives, setting students on a path to a brighter, more informed scholarly and professional future.

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Decoding 2024’s Hydration Trends: Alkaline Water Vs. Hydrogen Water



Decoding 2024's Hydration Trends

In a world where health and wellness are increasingly becoming top priorities, staying hydrated has never been more critical. We’ve come a long way from simply quenching our thirst with tap water or the occasional bottled water. Today, the hydration market is flooded with various options, each claiming to offer unique benefits. Among the emerging trends in the realm of hydration, two stand out: Alkaline water and Hydrogen water.

Alkaline Water: The Basics

The pH level of alkaline water is higher than that of normal tap water. It is usually between 8 and 9 on the pH scale. Some ways to get this high pH are through ionization or adding alkaline minerals like magnesium, calcium, and potassium.

The Science Behind Alkaline Water

Proponents of alkaline water argue that it can help balance the body’s pH level, which tends to be slightly acidic. They believe that by drinking alkaline water, you can reduce the acidity in your body, potentially preventing various health issues.

Our body’s pH level is tightly regulated, and deviations from the norm can be detrimental to health. However, the body has a robust buffering system that helps maintain a stable pH within a narrow range. Skeptics argue that drinking alkaline water has minimal impact on the body’s pH, as the stomach is highly acidic to aid in digestion. When you consume alkaline water, it passes through the stomach, where the acidic environment quickly neutralizes it, making its effects on overall body pH limited.

Purported Benefits of Alkaline Water

Hydration: Because its molecules are less clumped together, alkaline water is thought to be easier for the body to absorb. But there isn’t a lot of solid evidence to back up this claim.

Antioxidant Properties: Some alkaline water enthusiasts claim that it possesses antioxidant properties due to its negative oxidation-reduction potential (ORP). Free radicals and oxidative stress can be fought with antioxidants, which may lower the chance of getting chronic illnesses.

Better Bone Health: Calcium and magnesium are chemicals that are important for bone health that are found in alkaline water. Some people say that drinking alkaline water can help keep bones from breaking.

Improved Digestion: Some people believe that alkaline water can help digestion by eliminating too much stomach acid and easing the signs of acid reflux.

Hydrogen Water: The Basics

Hydrogen-rich water, which is another name for hydrogen water, is water that has molecular hydrogen (H2) gas added to it. Molecular hydrogen is a gas that has no color or smell and has gotten a lot of attention because it might be good for your health.

The Science Behind Hydrogen Water

The concept behind hydrogen water is based on the idea that molecular hydrogen acts as a powerful antioxidant. It is believed to have the ability to neutralize harmful free radicals, reducing oxidative stress and inflammation in the body.

Hydrogen’s small molecular size allows it to penetrate cell membranes and enter the cellular compartments, where it may have a therapeutic effect. It’s thought to selectively target the most harmful free radicals, such as hydroxyl radicals, without interfering with essential signaling molecules in the body.

Purported Benefits of Hydrogen Water

Antioxidant Properties: Hydrogen water is praised for its potential to combat oxidative stress, which is implicated in various chronic diseases, including cancer, diabetes, and neurodegenerative disorders.

Improved Athletic Performance: Some studies suggest that hydrogen water may enhance physical performance by reducing muscle fatigue and promoting faster recovery.

Brain Health: Because hydrogen can pass through the blood-brain barrier, some people think it may have neuroprotective benefits that lower the chance of cognitive loss and neurodegenerative illnesses.

Skin Health: Hydrogen water is claimed to have benefits for skin health, with proponents suggesting it can reduce wrinkles, improve skin hydration, and promote a more youthful appearance.

The Debate: Alkaline Water vs. Hydrogen Water

As we’ve looked into the science and supposed benefits of both alkaline water and hydrogen water, it’s important to note that scientists are still arguing about how well they work.

Alkaline Water Debate

Critics of alkaline water argue that the body’s pH regulation is a highly complex and tightly controlled process. The body maintains a slightly acidic pH in the stomach to aid digestion, while the blood and other tissues have a stable pH range. Drinking alkaline water may have limited impact on these systems, as the body compensates for any pH fluctuations.

Furthermore, the scientific evidence supporting the health benefits of alkaline water is limited and often inconclusive. While some studies suggest potential benefits, many are small in scale, and more robust research is needed to draw definitive conclusions.

Hydrogen Water Debate

On the other hand, the best hydrogen water machine has garnered more interest from the scientific community due to its potential antioxidant properties. Several studies have explored the effects of hydrogen-rich water on various health markers, and while the results are promising, more research is needed to establish its effectiveness definitively.

One challenge in the hydrogen water debate is determining the optimal concentration of hydrogen for therapeutic effects. Too much hydrogen may have limited benefits, while too little may not yield any noticeable effects.

Considerations for Making a Choice

When considering whether to incorporate alkaline water or hydrogen water into your hydration routine, several factors should guide your decision:

Personal Health Goals: Assess your specific health needs and goals. If you are primarily concerned with reducing oxidative stress, hydrogen water may be more aligned with your objectives.

Taste and Preference: Some people prefer the taste of alkaline water over regular tap water, which may encourage increased hydration. Hydrogen water typically has no distinct taste.

Scientific Evidence: Keep in mind that both alkaline water and hydrogen water have limited conclusive scientific evidence supporting their benefits. Therefore, it’s essential to approach these options with a degree of skepticism.

Cost and Accessibility: Consider the cost and accessibility of these products in your area. Alkaline water may be more readily available, while hydrogen water may require specialized equipment or hydrogen tablets.

Consult a Healthcare Professional: A healthcare expert or nutritionist can give you personalized advice based on your health state and goals before you make any big changes to how you stay hydrated.

The Bottom Line

As of 2024, more specific ways to stay hydrated, such as alkaline water and hydrogen water, are becoming popular. Although these drinks seem like they might be good for you, it’s important to look at them with a critical eye and think about your own health goals and wants. It’s important to remember that healthy food and way of life are still the best ways to stay healthy generally. Staying hydrated is essential, but the choice between alkaline water and hydrogen water should be made with care and awareness of the available scientific evidence. Ultimately, the best hydration choice for you may be the one that aligns with your preferences and complements your overall health and wellness strategy.

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The Timeless Legacy of Art: Exploring the Evolution of Painting and Sculpture



The Timeless Legacy of Art

Art, a universal language of human creativity, transcends time and culture. This article delves into the world of painting and sculpture, exploring their evolution from ancient times to the present day. We will look at how different eras and movements have contributed to the rich tapestry of art history.

The Roots of Art: Ancient Civilizations

The story of art begins with ancient civilizations, where painting and sculpture served religious, ceremonial, and decorative purposes. Egyptian art was characterized by rigid, formal styles that adhered to strict laws of representation. In contrast, Greek art celebrated humanism and the beauty of the human form, as seen in sculptures like the Venus de Milo.

The Renaissance: A Rebirth of Classical Art

The Renaissance marked a pivotal era in the history of art. It was a time of renewed interest in the classical past and a shift towards realism and humanism. Artists like Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo redefined artistic standards, employing techniques such as perspective and chiaroscuro to bring a new depth and realism to their work. Leonardo’s “Mona Lisa” and Michelangelo’s “David” are enduring symbols of Renaissance artistry.

Baroque and Rococo: Drama and Ornamentation

The 17th century witnessed the emergence of the Baroque style, characterized by dramatic use of light, rich colors, and dynamic compositions. Caravaggio and Rembrandt are notable figures of this period. Following Baroque, Rococo emerged as a more decorative and playful style, with artists like Jean-Honoré Fragonard creating light-hearted, elegant works.

Neoclassicism and Romanticism: A Return to and Departure from Tradition

Neoclassicism, a reaction against the excesses of Rococo, sought to return to the simplicity and purity of classical art. Artists like Jacques-Louis David emphasized harmony and moral virtue in their works. Romanticism, on the other hand, rebelled against the rationality of Neoclassicism, focusing on emotion, nature, and individualism, as seen in the works of Eugène Delacroix.

Impressionism and Post-Impressionism: Breaking Conventions

The late 19th century saw the rise of Impressionism. Artists like Claude Monet and Edgar Degas broke away from traditional methods, focusing instead on capturing the fleeting effects of light and color. Post-Impressionism followed, with artists like Vincent van Gogh and Paul Cézanne pushing the boundaries further through bold colors and brushwork.

Modernism: A Diverse Range of Styles

The 20th century ushered in Modernism, an era of diverse artistic styles. Cubism, pioneered by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque, deconstructed objects into abstract forms. Abstract Expressionism, represented by Jackson Pollock, focused on spontaneous, emotive expressions of paint on canvas. Meanwhile, Surrealism, led by Salvador Dalí, explored the world of dreams and the subconscious.

Contemporary Art: Breaking Boundaries

Contemporary art, spanning the late 20th century to the present, continues to break boundaries. It is characterized by a diverse range of styles and mediums, reflecting the globalized and digitalized world we live in. Artists like Ai Weiwei and Banksy use their art to comment on social and political issues, while others explore new mediums and technologies.

The Impact of Technology and Globalization

The advent of digital technology has transformed the art world. Digital art, virtual galleries, and online platforms have made art more accessible than ever. Globalization has also led to a cross-cultural exchange of ideas, enriching the diversity of contemporary art.

The journey of painting and sculpture through history reveals a constant evolution of styles, techniques, and themes. Art has always been a reflection of its time, capturing the essence of human experience and imagination. As we move forward, art will continue to evolve, shaping and being shaped by the world around it.

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