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To produce well-composed, flicker-free slow-motion videos, you’ll need the appropriate sort of lighting. This is an important consideration when making correctly exposed, flicker-free slow-motion videos.

The ability to create realistic videos demands good video editing software and adequate lighting. Even though we do not see real things in slow motion, we still have a visual sense of how slow motion may enhance the feeling of reality in what we are viewing.

If you want to provide the highest quality slow-motion video, you’ll need the appropriate lighting equipment. We’ll look at what light technology is best for slow motion and why it’s important in this section.


If you’re recording a slow-motion video, there are a few key factors to consider: Frame rates Shutter speed Lighting

You won’t be able to create an impactful and flowing slow motion if you don’t have control over all the variables. This fluidity is essential because without it, your slow-motion video will appear jerky and unprofessional.

Read more: speed up or slow down any video!

If you just slow down a 25fps recording without addressing the frame rate, there will be no seamless transition between frames. Therefore, you’ll need to film at a greater frame rate (for example, 150 fps) and then play it back at a slower speed (in this situation, 25 FPS). You should think about both factors.

This is determined by the look you want to portray. For example, 60 frames per second may be appropriate for obtaining a slow-motion effect, but in certain cases, you may need a higher frame rate. The addition of extra frames in the lower frame rate for viewing provides for a fluid motion.

Another crucial element is the shutter speed. The amount of blurring can be controlled by varying the duration of exposure. The more time the shutter is open, the blurrier the movement becomes.

The usual guideline is to use a shutter speed twice the frame rate for a natural-looking amount of motion blur. A too-high shutter speed, on the other hand, will make your slow-motion video appear jagged. As a result, you should also think about how much movement there will be in your subject when shooting it at such a high speed.

Using faster shutter speeds and frame rates also implies that your camera will have less time to gather light for each shot you take. As a result, if you want to expose your photographs perfectly, you’ll need more powerful sources of illumination. You won’t get good slow-motion footage unless there is the correct quantity of light.

This is why light is so important when filming in slow motion.


The flicker in tungsten lighting sources is caused by the frequency of the main supply’s alternating current. The main supply frequency in the UK is 50Hz, whereas it is 60Hz in the United States. The number of complete AC sine waves per second is known as hertz (Hz).

The HMI source’s frequency is derived from the supply ballast, which is usually set at 50Hz, 60Hz, or “flicker-free” (usually 100Hz) in speciality ballasts such as those supplied with our ARRI M Series fixtures. For ultra-slow-motion pictures captured with our Vision Research Phantom VEO4K @ 1000fps in 4K, a special (but loud!) 1000Hz frequency can be selected.

Some light sources, such as LEDs, do not give off a constant luminous flux but instead have an intensity that varies with the supply’s voltage. PER second, when mains voltage reverses polarity, light intensity pulses in time with this mains frequency.

When filming lightning, you’re shooting with certain frame rates that, when mismatched to the lighting frequency, cause the picture to flicker or roll. In this manner, the camera’s sensor’s frame rate works in a similar way to that of the AC mains supply’s frequency. 25p (25 frames per second) has a frequency of 25Hz. When using a 1/50th or 180-degree shutter on a 25p sensor, the frequency is now 50Hz rather than 25Hz.

When comparing the two, it’s important to keep in mind that, unlike slow-motion video, high-speed photography does not record actual events in real-time. High-speed filming isn’t live action; rather, it is a type of animation with higher frame rates and more depth. In general, if the frame rate matches the whole number multiples of the lighting frequency, no flicker should be visible. However, when the frame rate differs from the frequency for example as shooting 25p in America where the mains supply is 60Hz causes flicker. When shooting at 1000fps, a lighting source of 50Hz is far too slow to keep up with the frame rate, therefore again at these insanely high frame rates you can see 50Hz flicker.

To address the issue, change the frame rate, shutter speed, or lighting frequency to match. The type of light source is crucial in keeping flicker levels low. For slow-motion filming, the greater the frequency, the better.


You won’t have to worry about flicker if you’re shooting outdoors with the sun and reflectors as your light sources. But, as previously said, most electrically generated light sources will flicker in some manner. The degree of flicker that is seen by the viewer can be controlled by manipulating the perception of the flickering for them.

Flicker can be caused by a variety of different factors. When capturing at a standard, 25fps frame rate, for example, you may use a tungsten lamp or even a residential fluorescent light and not have flicker issues. Flicker is considerably more likely to occur when the frame rate and shutter speed are modified. Different sorts of lighting have varying flicker rates:


Fluorescent lighting may be used alongside HID lamps. While these bulbs are well suited for use in homes and buildings with electrical systems that cannot support high-frequency ballasts (such as incandescent lights), they do require a flicker-free electronic ballast to operate effectively. HMI is an acronym for hydrargyrum medium-arc iodide. Instead of using an incandescent bulb, these lamps employ an arc lamp.

The electronic ballast is a device that generates an ignition pulse and regulates the arc. This transforms the sine wave into a square wave, allowing the light to remain constant for longer after zero-crossing (the instant when there is no voltage).

A low-frequency HMI lamp will have a frequency of 75 to 100 Hz, with the gap between electrodes growing over time and the arc extinguishing for longer periods during zero-crossing. This can raise the flicker factor above 3%, which means that you should replace the bulb.


LEDs are susceptible to flicker, particularly if you dim them. LEDs are also prone to flicker because they react quickly to voltage fluctuations. To overcome this, high-quality LED lighting fixtures regulate the frequency of each individual LED on the panel, providing better light (as well as price!).

Because of this mechanism, most LED fixtures are now limited to much higher frequencies than we can capture with specialized cameras. The new huge dot LED technology is capable of operating at more than 10,000Hz! This makes them an excellent match for high-frame-rate filming.


Tungsten lamps require AC mains power to generate their frequency radiation. If you dim tungsten lights, you are changing the amount of current they receive and will therefore impact the frequency and flicker.


Fluorescent bulbs can be used with either electronic or magnetic ballasts. Flicker is reduced, but because both fluorescent lamps and energy-saving bulbs have higher flicker factors than other lighting methods, it may not be eliminated. Magnetic ballasts (such as those utilized in building strip lights) cause flicker in fluorescent lamps with a flicker factor of between 30% and 60%. You can reduce the flicker of electronic ballasts to 0 per cent (as seen in Kino Flo Divas / 4x4s etc), down to 10%, or even eliminate it altogether (with a Kino having a 0% flicker factor).

When you’re utilizing flicker-free light sources, as with most of the other formats, you’ll need to compensate for the wild flicker produced by magnetic ballasts by changing the frame rate and/or shutter angle.


Arc wander can occur in LED lights as well, and it’s caused by a plasmatic hot spot that moves within the bulb.

This can produce a glistening effect with a rapid colour shift as a result. As a consequence, you won’t be able to guarantee flicker-free lighting using HMI lamps with standard electronic ballast. One way to solve the problem is by utilizing high-frequency ballasts for HMI lamps. These can significantly reduce or even eliminate flickering.

The popularity of these high-speed ballasts, which operate between 300Hz and 1000Hz, has enabled filmmakers to create flicker-free images of excellent quality at frame rates as high as 1000fps. If you’re looking for flicker-free lighting, why not visit Pro Motion Hire?

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What Are Some Low-Cost Methods To Purchase SSL Certificate?



What Are Some Low-Cost Methods To Purchase SSL Certificate?

An SSL certificate can be purchased as straightforwardly as any other product from your preferred online retailer. To complete the purchase ssl, you need only do the following:

  • Locate a trustworthy vendor
  • Determine which certificate best fits your needs
  • Fill out a short registration form
  • Provide payment information
  • Hit “Buy.”

It’s not a piece of cake! The most difficult parts of getting an SSL certificate are finding a reliable seller and deciding which certificate to use.

Why? Because SSL certificates come in a dizzying array of varieties, warranties, pricing points, verification methods, site seals, and validity periods, and are sold by more than 50 different certificate authorities, hundreds of various sub-brands, and thousands of other vendors.

Without further ado, let’s learn how to purchase ssl, including what to search for and where to find it at the lowest price.

 Identifying Features For SSL Certificate Purchase

There are several considerations to make before purchasing an SSL certificate. Here are the most important things to consider when buying an SSL certificate.


Despite dozens of CAs from which to choose, only a select few have widespread recognition and respect across browsers as reputable providers of SSL certificates. Few have widespread recognition and confidence among browser users, substantial brand equity and credibility, and top-notch customer service.


The cost of an SSL certificate depends on several factors, including the popularity of the brand it represents, the features it offers, the type of verification it uses, the length of its warranty, the aesthetics of its site seals, and the quality of its customer service. Top-quality SSL certificates from trusted vendors start at $13 per year and can cost as much as $5,000.


Except for free SSL certificates, all others are backed by a guarantee. In a way, it’s not unlike buying insurance: The CA compensates the victim for data theft caused by the SSL certificate’s weak encryption. There is a range of $1.75 million to 10,000 dollars beginning with the warranty. When cybercrime lawsuits arise, such warranties help to shift liability from the website owner or business to the certificate authority (CA).

The Official Site Seal

Sometimes called “trust logos,” site seals are little pictures that serve as trust indicators. You’ll find your SSL certificate and CA details there. There are two types of site seals: static and moving. Dynamic trust logos differ from static site seals in allowing users to interact with the logo and learn more about the site’s security measures.

Commercial CAs typically offers these seals at no extra cost by purchasing an SSL certificate. Placements of trust symbols include webpage footers, shopping carts, login areas, and those immediately adjacent to online forms. They’re crucial for gaining the confidence of buyers.

Locations of Available Goods

SSL Certificates can be purchased via the certificate authority, the hosting provider, or a third-party reseller. Certificate resellers save money by buying certificates in bulk and then passing those savings on to their consumers.

Does Enabling An SSL Certificate To Take Some Time?

For new SSL Certificate installations, one of the preliminary procedures is validation. It would be best to renew your SSL well before its expiration date to give yourself time to resolve any unforeseen problems, such as a lapsed domain or incorrect WHOIS details.

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What Are The Customized Features Of iTop VPN?



What Are The Customized Features Of iTop VPN?

iTop VPN is a VPN service that offers a variety of features to its users. One of the most notable features is the ability to customize your VPN experience. You can choose which server locations you want to connect to, and you can also choose the level of encryption that you want to use. This means that you can tailor your VPN experience to your specific needs.

Split Tunneling

A split tunneling VPN feature is a great way to keep your identity and location hidden when browsing the web. Using a split tunneling VPN, you can ensure that only traffic from your selected applications will go through the VPN. In contrast, all other traffic will go through your normal internet connection. This can be a great way to improve your privacy and security and your internet speeds.

This allows the administrator to specify which traffic is sent through the VPN and which traffic is sent through the regular Internet connection. This is important because it allows the administrator to ensure that only traffic that needs to be protected by the VPN is sent through the VPN.

IP Configuration

This is important because it allows the administrator to ensure that all traffic passing through the VPN comes from a specific IP address. You can use this IP address to identify the user or device connecting to the VPN. This can be useful if you want to change your IP address or if you want to use a static IP address.

Go to Settings > Network & Internet > IP Configuration to access the IP Configuration feature. You can view and change your IP address, gateway, and DNS settings from here.

The IP address is the most important setting here, as it determines where your device can connect to the internet. If you want to use a static IP address, you will need to enter it here. Otherwise, you can leave the IP address as “automatic,” and your device will automatically receive an IP address from your router.

The gateway is the next important setting. This is your router’s IP address and is used to route traffic between your device and the internet. If you’re unsure what your gateway IP address is, you can find it in your router’s documentation. The DNS settings are used to resolve domain names into IP addresses.

Launch on Startup

When you enable the Launch on Startup VPN feature, your computer will automatically connect to the VPN whenever it starts up. This is a convenient way to ensure you’re always protected when using public Wi-Fi or other untrusted networks. You can verify that the VPN is connected by checking the VPN icon in the system tray. If the VPN is not connected, you can manually connect by opening the VPN settings window and clicking the “Connect” button.

To enable the Launch on Startup VPN feature, open the VPN settings window and check the “Launch on Startup” box. You can find the VPN settings window in the Windows Control Panel or by right-clicking the VPN icon in the system tray and selecting “Settings.”


This post has guided you about iTop VPN. Moreover, if you have a smart tv and want access to the apps unavailable in your country, you can use VPN Smart TV. This VPN will be useful for smart tv users who like to watch content on TV.

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How technology is changing the lives of people with disabilities, and improving accessibility and independence?



How technology is changing the lives of people with disabilities, and improving accessibility and independence?

Technology has made many significant changes in the lives of people with disabilities, providing greater accessibility and independence. With advancements in technology, people with disabilities are now able to live fuller, more inclusive lives. In Australia, the National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS) provider Sydney has been instrumental in supporting people with disabilities in accessing the latest technological solutions.

Assistive Technology

Assistive technology is one of the most significant advancements that has changed the lives of people with disabilities. These technologies are designed to help individuals with disabilities perform tasks that would otherwise be impossible or difficult. From mobility aids to communication devices, assistive technology has provided new avenues for people with disabilities to live independently.

Mobility Aids

Mobility aids, such as wheelchairs and mobility scooters, have greatly improved the quality of life for people with disabilities. These devices are designed to provide individuals with increased mobility, allowing them to move around freely and independently. They have been developed with features such as shock absorbers and ergonomic designs, which offer better comfort, stability, and ease of use.

Communication Devices

Communication is vital, and assistive technology has made it possible for people with disabilities to communicate effectively. Communication devices, such as speech recognition software and eye-gaze technology, have revolutionized the way people with disabilities communicate. For individuals who are unable to speak, speech recognition software can translate their speech into text. Eye-gaze technology, on the other hand, allows individuals to use their eyes to control a computer or communication device.

Smart Homes

Smart home technology has also been transformative in the lives of people with disabilities. Smart home devices, such as voice-activated assistants, can control appliances, lighting, and temperature, allowing people with disabilities to manage their homes independently. This technology has been particularly useful for individuals with mobility impairments, as they can use their voice to control devices in their homes.

Accessible Transportation

Transportation can be a significant barrier for people with disabilities, limiting their ability to access education, employment, and social activities. However, advancements in technology have led to more accessible transportation options for people with disabilities. For example, ride-sharing apps have introduced wheelchair-accessible vehicles, allowing individuals with mobility impairments to travel more freely.

Social Inclusion

Technology has also played a significant role in improving social inclusion for people with disabilities. Social media platforms, such as Facebook and Twitter, have made it easier for people with disabilities to connect with others who share similar experiences. These platforms have also helped to raise awareness and understanding about disability issues, leading to greater acceptance and inclusion.

Online Education

Online education has also been transformative for people with disabilities. Many individuals with disabilities face barriers to traditional classroom settings, but online education provides an accessible and flexible alternative. With online education, individuals can learn at their own pace and on their own schedule, allowing them to tailor their education to their specific needs.

The Role of NDIS Provider

The NDIS provider Sydney has played a significant role in supporting people with disabilities in accessing the latest technological solutions. The NDIS provides funding for assistive technology, such as mobility aids and communication devices, to eligible participants. This funding has enabled individuals with disabilities to access the latest technology, improving their quality of life and independence.

The NDIS provider has also supported the development of new technologies and solutions for people with disabilities. They have worked with technology companies and other stakeholders to identify areas where technology can be used to support individuals with disabilities.

In summary, technology has transformed the lives of people with disabilities, providing greater accessibility, independence, and inclusion. Assistive technology, smart homes, accessible transportation, social media, online education, and other advancements have made it possible for people with disabilities to live fuller, more inclusive lives. The NDIS provider has been instrumental in supporting individuals with disabilities in accessing the latest technological solutions and promoting the development of new technologies. As technology continues to evolve, we can expect even more significant advancements in the field of disability support.

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