Have you ever wondered where the idea of Valyrian steel from Game of Thrones came from? How about the Beskar steel from The Mandalorian?
These mythical metals are all inspired by Damascus steel, a real metal that has earned itself legendary status over thousands of years. Blades forged from this material are sought after, thanks to the distinctive wave-like pattern which covers the surface of the weapon.
But why would anyone buy an expensive blade like this? Read on to find out the advantages that a Damascus blade has over your average knife.
Damascus Blades Are Stronger & Sharper Than Average Blades
If you were to take something like a scalpel or a razor blade and put it under a microscope, you would notice that each looks as if they have teeth. These micro-serrations are responsible for the exceptional sharpness and cutting ability of those blades, and the Damascus blade.
The sharpness associated with micro-serrated blades comes from the fact that the edge which meets the material has small, sharp corners instead of being one even line. This allows the knife to separate the material much faster than with a traditional blade, or even a normal serrated blade.
Unlike the razor or scalpel, however, a Damascus blade gets its micro-serrations from the materials used during the forging process. These materials are a mix between high-grade carbon steels and regular iron that lay upon one another to create a blade with properties of both ingredients.
Because the edge of the blade comprises alternating layers of different quality steel from top to bottom, as the blade endures use over time the lower quality steel wears away before the high-quality steel. The result of this wearing-away process is those microscopic serrations that give the blade its exceptional sharpness.
This process of alternating layers of high and low-grade carbon is also responsible for the properties of increased strength and durability that Damascus blades have. Specifically, each blade has an inner core of hard, high-quality carbon steel sandwiched between two layers of softer steel.
Best Of Both Worlds
Iron and other softer steels are more flexible and are thus more resistant to chipping, breaking, snapping, or other critical failures which are possible during use. However, this flexibility comes at the expense of hardness. Thus, blade-smiths wrap this material around the blade everywhere except the edge to protect them from damage.
On the other hand, the higher quality steel of the inner core has incredible hardness due to its lack of impurities and forging temperature. This hardness allows the edge to have sharper, cleaner edges. The downside is though, is that harder steel is far more brittle and susceptible to damage. And so, smiths only expose the core on the very edge of the blade.
As you can see, the Damascus blade is essentially the perfect balance of two extremes. Both sharp and strong, hard and resistant. However, these properties only apply to blades forged properly. Cheaper blades forged by those who take shortcuts throughout the process will be no stronger or sharper than your average kitchen knife.
Quality Above All Else
This same principle applies to all blades and any other weapon or tool you can think of. If not forged with the utmost care, respect, and skill, it won’t be worth your time. So if you’re looking to acquire swords knives and daggers, or even a Damascus blade, be sure to visit a reputable smith shop. And prepare to spend a pretty penny for a high-quality piece.
Damascus Blades Have A Legendary History
There are few materials more mythical in nature than Damascus Steel, the material from which Damascus blades get their name. This legendary status is the case because of two reasons: The history of the material is long and highly contested amongst scholars, and the ancient process people used to make the material became lost to time.
The most widely accepted theory about the origins of Damascus blades is that it came from material in ancient India called Wootz steel that had increased properties of hardness and toughness due to the various small alloys inside the metal being exceptionally hard materials such as tungsten, chromium, and vanadium.
This Wootz steel was then shipped from India across the ancient trading networks and eventually made its way to a city in then Syria called Damascus. The blacksmiths in Damascus were among the best in the world at the time, and they used their skill with the hammer to forge weapons out of a mixture of Wootz steel and lower quality iron.
Superior Weapons, Superior Army
Compared to conventional iron or bronze weapons which were widely used during the time, Damascus blades were far superior. It is for this reason that many military figures and armies have carried, owned, and fought with Damascus blades. Even Alexander the Great carried a Damascus sword on his hip.
The vast military superiority of Damascus blades over most weapons in the ancient world is also a reason why the process of making the blades is unknown. Those who knew how to make the weapons held the information close to the chest to prevent rival military forces from getting their hands on the technology.
But this secrecy would be the downfall of the original ancient Damascus Steel. By the 1700s, no one knew how to create the material anymore. In most cases, people did not write the recipe down. Instead, they passed it down orally or through the master-apprentice dynamic. And the few places where it might have existed in written had not survived the test of time.
A New Challenger Appears
Adding to that, new technologies would arise during the early modern period that challenged or even outmatched the superiority of Damascus blades. Modern metallurgy technology and techniques made high-quality steel weapons on par with Damascus commonplace, and the introduction of firearms would eventually make all such weapons obsolete.
Despite this, Damascus weaponry has survived to the present day thanks to the discovery of a process similar to that of the ancients in terms of the final product. Although not the same, our Modern Damascus steel is close enough that they inherited the legendary history of the original.
Damascus Blades Are Beautiful & Timeless
What most people think of when they imagine Damascus blades is the beautiful wave-like ripple pattern that covers the blade from tip to heel. These Damascus Steel patterns are responsible for the blade earning the name ‘watered blade’, and for people mistaking other blades with similar patterns as Damascus, despite having differing origins.
There are two known processes for authentically creating the ripple pattern of Damascus Steel and one process which creates only a superficial pattern that resembles true forged Damascus. Each process has benefits and drawbacks associated with it, so it’s important to know which forged your blade before purchasing.
The first process, and the one used to construct all Modern Damascus blades, is pattern welding. This process creates the characteristic watery effect throughout the entire blade, from the surface through to the bottom. It also gives the blade many of the same properties that the ancient process would have.
Essentially, pattern-welding is the same layering of different quality metals discussed earlier in this article. High-quality steel and low-quality iron fuse together by folding and hammering at high temperatures until a welded bond forms. After enough iterations, the wavy effect arises due to the color difference between the two materials.
The second process is Cast Damascus. While the true, original cast Damascus process has been completely lost to time, modern metallurgists have come up with an approximation that comes close to what the ancient method would have been. But since the original materials have also been completely lost, no blade forged from this process exists today.
After combining iron, steel, and charcoal into a large blast furnace sealed off from oxygen, smiths supply enough heat to melt everything together. There, carbon atoms from the charcoal find their way into the metal, and after cooling form a crystal-like structure in the material. Forging the resulting ingot would then produce the ancient Damascus blades, complete with the watery pattern they get their beauty from.
While the former two processes create authentic Damascus blades with a pattern that runs through the metal, acid or laser etching does not. This process only etches the watery pattern into the surface of an otherwise normal steel blade. Thus, after enough use, the pattern will wear away completely. So even though they are cheap, buying Damascus blades produced this way is a waste of time.
It is also a waste to buy an expensive, authentic Damascus blade only to not take care of it. If not cared for, these blades will rust, dull, and lose their beautiful pattern. Ensure that you care for them by washing and drying them after use with a non-abrasive material and applying a coat of wax to keep away moisture.
Think Damascus Blades Are Cool? Take A Look At This…
Damascus blades aren’t the only cool items you can read about on this website. Our other articles showcase many more interesting novelties which would fit right in with your new legendary blade. So keep browsing around our site and find out about more epic products today.
What Are the Different Types of Gems That Exist Today?
Are you interested in the science of gems? Are you wondering about the different rare gemstones that exist today? It turns out that the industry has a rich history, dating all the way back to ancient civilizations.
What exactly are these gems, also known as gemstones? What metals might they be set in or paired with? When learning about the substance of gems, there are a couple of fundamental questions to answer before moving forward.
Let’s take a look at all the different types of gems one might encounter.
Beryl is a gemstone with a fascinating history. It consists of the mineral beryllium and aluminum with trace amounts of other metals, such as iron and magnesium. It is made up of a group of minerals that include aquamarine, green emerald, golden beryl, heliodor, violet morganite, and golden-yellow beryl.
The most common color of beryl is green, but it can also come in shades of yellow, blue, pink, red, purple, and orange. Uncut, its color can often be quite dull. When cut, however, it can become quite sparkly and even more colorful.
Beryl’s hardness makes it an ideal gemstone for everyday jewelry. Beryl can be found in many countries around the world and in many different types of rock formations, such as igneous and sedimentary. It is very durable and fits into many designer settings.
It can also be cut with stunning brilliance, making it a popular choice for engagements and wedding rings alike. The most valuable beryl is the emerald, which is known for its vibrant green color. Other varieties of beryl with rarer colors, such as morganite and heliodor, can also be quite expensive.
Beryl is popular as both a collector’s item and a gemstone for jewelry. Beryl is also one of the most affordable gemstones, making it one of the most accessible and sought-after gemstones available today.
Chrysoberyl is an exquisite gemstone that has been cherished for centuries. It is highly sought after for its ability to display an intense fire of yellow, green, or brown hues when it is cut into certain shapes. It is known to be very durable and is easily recognizable by its golden luster and olive color.
Chrysoberyl is quite hard and measures 8.5-9 on the Mohs scale. It can be found in Brazil, Sri Lanka, and Zimbabwe, as well as in other areas around the world, making it easy to acquire. As with any gemstone, its price depends on its color and carat size, but it is relatively affordable compared to other gemstones.
In addition to being used as jewelry, chrysoberyl is also used to make ornamental razor handles and specialty eyeglasses. It is truly a beautiful stone that has found its way into the hearts of many.
Corundum is a type of gem that has many different colors. It is a hard mineral composed of a combination of aluminum oxide and trace amounts of other elements like chromium and iron. Corundum is the second hardest type of gemstone and is often used in the jewelry industry.
Its color range can range from ruby red to sapphire blue, to yellow and green, as well as many other colors. Its transparent form, known as ruby, is the most sought-after variety and can be found in many jewelry stores around the world. Corundum’s brilliance and hardness make it the ideal gem to set in jewelry.
Its color never fades or tarnishes with time, making it a timeless addition to anyone’s wardrobe. Corundum is also an important industrial material and is used in many abrasives, such as sandpaper, cutting tools, and high-grade optical instruments.
Corundum gems have also been found in ancient tombs and have been used to make jewelry since early times. This gem is an essential part of the world’s history and will continue to be for years to come.
Diamonds are a type of gemstone that has existed for thousands of years and are still popular today. They are composed of crystallized carbon, and each diamond is unique in its characteristics. Most diamonds feature 58 facets and the presence of internal flaws known as inclusions.
The value of the stone is based on its carat weight, clarity, color, and cut. The most sought-after diamonds are colorless and flawless, but colored diamonds remain popular and are often used in fashion settings such as engagement rings and other jewelry. Diamonds are rated based on their hardness, and they are one of the most durable of all gemstones.
They also symbolize beauty and everlasting love due to their strength, brilliance, and strength, making them the perfect choice for engagement rings and special jewelry.
Garnet is a popular type of gemstone that has been around for centuries. It comes in shades of deep red, orange, and purple, and has been a desirable stone for many cultures, many of which had stories and legends associated with it. Garnets are mostly found in countries such as India, Tunisia, and Madagascar.
It can be found commercially in sizes ranging from small to large, although the highest-grade stones are much larger. They are composed of chemical compounds such as iron, magnesium, calcium, and aluminum. Garnets are very popular and are used for jewelry, as well as for ornamental purposes.
It is said that this beautifully colored stone can bring protection, success, and peace to anyone who wears it. Plus, it’s relatively affordable, making it a great option for anyone looking for a special and unique gemstone.
Jade is a gemstone that exists in wide varieties, from deep green to almost white. It is a hard, durable stone that has been used for centuries in Chinese jewelry making. It is often used to give jewelry a vibrant hue.
Jade is said to bring wisdom, serenity, and physical strength. Historically, jade was thought to be the most precious stone next to a diamond. Today, jade is still highly prized, not only for its beauty but for its mysterious spiritual essence as well.
It is believed to bring positive energy and aid mental clarity. Various cultures across the world have carried great significance to jade, from the Chinese and Korean dynasties to the Ancient Mesoamerican cultures. Because of its rare beauty, jade is an extremely popular choice in jewelry today and makes an incredible addition to any collection.
Opal is a type of gemstone that has existed since ancient times and is greatly treasured and admired due to its unique appearance and iridescent quality. It is the official birthstone of October and comes in a variety of colors ranging from yellow to blue, orange, green, and violet. Opal is an amorphous form of hydrated silica and its name comes from the Sanskrit “Upala” meaning precious stone.
An opal ranges in appearance from having similar colors to the rainbow, and is even known as the ‘Queen of Gems.’ It is said to bring forth luck and solace to the wearer and is easily available in different forms, such as precious and black opal.
The most expensive type of opal is the Black Opal, which forms only in particular regions. Gemstone enthusiasts admire and seek after opal due to its mesmerizing multicolored natural beauty.
Topaz is a popular gemstone that has been used to adorn jewelry for hundreds of years. It’s found in myriad colors around the world, ranging from yellow, pale blue, orange, and more. It can be cut into stunning cuts and shapes and is appreciated for its beauty and durability.
With a hardness of 8 on the Mohs scale, it’s considered a semi-precious stone and would make a great inclusion in any jewelry piece. Topaz is not as expensive as many of its counterparts, making it a great choice for those on a budget looking to add some sparkle.
It’s also associated with love and friendship and is said to bring its wearer strength and success. Truly, Topaz is a gem that has captivated people through the ages and will continue to do so for years to come.
Turquoise is a popular gem today, having been valued since ancient times. This type of stone is most often found in the Middle East, often in places like Iran, Turkey, and Tibet. Its distinctive blue-green color makes it stand out among other gems, which often makes it a popular choice by a jewelry appraiser.
Its opaque nature also makes it well-suited for various ornamental uses. Turquoise has long been thought to be a lucky stone for many cultures, and it is sometimes even used for supernatural protection.
It has also been used for healing and energizing the mind and body. Turquoise is an incredibly fascinating gem that has been around for thousands of years and continues to mesmerize many with its unique beauty.
These Are the Most Popular Types of Gems Today
The best gemstones that exist today are truly amazing! With so much variety and beauty, it can be difficult to keep track. These types of gems are like little pieces of art that can be appreciated for their beauty and colors.
Researching further is encouraged. Discover more about the types, colors, and sources of these wonderful natural jewels.
Whether you are looking to collect them, wear them, or simply admire them, you won’t be disappointed. Consider owning one that suits your style and tastes, and start exploring and learning today.
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5 Common Uses of Steel Tubing
Did you know that globally, in 2021, the steel market reached $874 billion?
It can be difficult to find the right one if you need steel piping. There are multiple types with different qualities and uses.
You need a steel tubing guide to make the right decision. We’re here to help. Keep reading for all the information you need about different kinds of steel tubing and their best uses.
What Is a Steel Tubing?
Steel tubing is a type of metal piping used in various applications. It is produced in a variety of sizes, diameters, and finishes. Steel tubing is highly durable, reliable, and corrosion-resistant.
The primary use of steel tubes is to transport liquids and gases such as water, pressurized air, and natural gas. Steel tubing is also used for structural applications, such as undergirding and supporting bridges, buildings, and other structures. Steel tubing comes in various shapes, including round, rectangular, and customized shapes, to meet specific needs.
Steel tubing offers the perfect balance of strength and flexibility, making it a popular choice in many applications. It is available in various grades, lengths, and finishes, perfect for meeting multiple needs and preferences.
5 Common Uses of Steel Tubing
Steel tubing is becoming an increasingly popular material for many applications. It’s solid and durable, yet light, so it can be used to craft large and small items.
- Industrial Uses of Steel Tubing
Steel tubing is a versatile material used in industrial applications. It is used to transport liquids and gases such as oil, water, and natural gas. Steel tubing is also used for structural support in construction projects such as scaffolding, bridges, and buildings.
It is also used to manufacture automotive and aircraft parts and medical devices. Additionally, it is often used in the agricultural industry to create irrigation systems, spray equipment, and other components.
Stainless steel tubing also creates pipelines for carrying hazardous and non-hazardous materials such as chemicals, petroleum products, and other corrosives. Steel pipes’ flexibility and strength make them popular for many industrial applications, from agricultural and automotive to medical and structural support.
For more info, check out 316 stainless steel tubing.
- Commercial Uses of Steel Tubing
Stainless steel tubes have become an increasingly popular choice for various commercial applications because of their durability and strength. Its high tensile strength and corrosion resistance make it an ideal choice for many construction projects as framing and pipe material.
This type of metal pipe is also great for commercial plumbing, as it doesn’t corrode, rust, or become clogged easily. Steel tubing is also commonly used in industrial ventilation systems, as it offers strong airtight seals and won’t rust when exposed to the elements.
It’s also used in food and packing equipment as its strength and corrosion-resistant nature make it the perfect material for minimizing contamination. Steel tubing is a versatile material, making it perfect for all sorts of commercial applications.
- Steel Tubing for Automotive
Steel tubing is becoming increasingly popular in the automotive industry for various uses. The uses for steel tubing in the automotive sector involve load carrying, structural support, and aesthetics.
Steel tubing can be used as a roller unibody structure instead of a traditional chassis. It allows a lighter vehicle build.
Moreover, it can also be used to reduce weight in existing automobile structures due to its lightweight yet strong properties. Another use for steel tubing in the automotive industry is for bodywork and cosmetic enhancement.
The tubing can be bent into complex curves and shapes, giving the vehicle bodywork and trim a striking, custom look. Lastly, steel tubing is also used to create specialized parts such as exhaust and suspension components.
It keeps cars reliable and safe to drive. In short, steel tubing has many unique uses for automotive purposes, and its importance will increase further in the future.
- Steel Tubing Home Improvement
Steel tubing is a versatile material used in various home improvement projects. It is the perfect material to employ when strength and durability are required, but weight is an issue.
It can construct anything from shelving and furniture to handrails and countertop support. Steel tubing can also create framing for doors, windows, and walls.
Some liquid and gas piping can also be made out of steel tubing. Steel tubing is an excellent material for strengthening wooden floor joists and constructing attic ladders.
It can even be used to create curtain rods and hardware. Steel tubing is an excellent material for any type of home improvement project due to its strength, durability, and ease of fabrication.
- Steel Tubing for Architecture
Steel tubing is an ideal material for architectural uses because of its versatility and strength. Steel tubing can be used for structural components, such as beams and columns, and decorative features, like fences and railings.
It can be used to create framing for suspending ceilings and air ducts. It is a durable, low-maintenance product. Steel tubing is impressive at creating great texture, color, and fabrication. It is an option to match both modern and classic architectural design styles.
Steel tubing is also used for curving metal designs, furniture, or decorative trims and fabrications. Steel tubing is an essential material in the construction industry. It is used as an architectural material due to its cost-effectiveness.
This Guide Will Help You Value the Importance of Steel Tubing
Steel tubing is an incredibly versatile material with a wide range of uses in the home, such as piping for plumbing systems and constructing furniture. It can also be used in industrial and commercial settings for poles and frames, automotive construction, and much more.
Steel tubing is durable, affordable, and easy to work with, making it an ideal choice for many applications.
If you find this post helpful, please keep reading for more great content.
The 5 Best STEM Degrees To Major In
The field of science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) is a growing and important field in education and the economy.
According to recent studies, STEM industries are responsible for more than $500 billion in annual economic output.
Therefore, choosing the right degree program from the best STEM schools is essential if you’re interested in a career in one of the high-demand fields.
Here are the 5 best STEM degrees to major in.
- Software Engineering
Earning a degree in Software Engineering is one of the best STEM degrees to major in. Not only does it provide students with valuable technical skills, but it also requires logical thinking and problem-solving.
Software Engineers are equipped to apply essential theories, best practices, and design processes that allow them to develop practical solutions to complex software problems. They need to understand planning tools and software life cycles, all while developing cutting-edge technology solutions.
Many of the best STEM schools have outstanding programs in software engineering and offer helpful resources, such as workshops and curriculum advising. Students interested in earning a degree in software engineering can be sure they are investing their time wisely and setting themselves up for success upon graduation.
- Data Analytics
Data analytics is an emerging, interdisciplinary field that focuses on extracting and analyzing valuable, actionable insights from large data sets. As a STEM major, it combines mathematics, statistics, computer science, and information technology to uncover new insights from quantitative data.
In terms of practical applications, those holding a degree in data analytics can use their skills in any industry, including marketing research, healthcare diagnostics, operational optimization, and society-influencing policy making.
When deciding which STEM degree to major in, data analytics stands out, as it allows its practitioners to think critically and apply their knowledge practically to solving real-world problems. An added benefit is that the demand for graduates skilled in this field has skyrocketed due to technological advancements and businesses seeking a complete understanding of data through significant data initiatives.
Nursing is your best bet if you’re considering a degree in the STEM field. With its outlook as one of the most important jobs of the future, it’s no wonder that nursing has emerged as one of the most coveted STEM degrees. Not only do nurses have the potential to help others and show care to those in need, but they also have many great job opportunities upon graduation.
It provides numerous skills such as patient care, critical thinking, communication, time management, and more that can be used in various professional settings. Furthermore, with so many advancements occurring within the healthcare industry each year, you’re guaranteed job security for years to come.
Nursing is also incredibly diverse – with roles allowing you to work in different clinical settings, from geriatrics to pediatrics – thus providing a path for personal growth throughout your career.
- Material Science And Engineering
Those pursuing a degree in Material Science and Engineering will have access to many career opportunities across different industries. From advancing technologies such as artificial intelligence and virtual reality to everyday essentials such as automobiles and medical implants, material science engineers provide vital insights into the best materials needed for projects or products.
Beyond that, they also help ideate innovative solutions beyond what has already been done. You only need to look at the best STEM schools in the U.S. today, where programs like mechanical engineering have some of the highest enrollment numbers year in and year out, to get an idea of the kind of mastery that pursuing this degree offers students.
Ultimately, there’s no doubt that a degree in Material Science Engineering is one of the best you can get for a lucrative and rewarding career path in technological innovation.
- Petroleum And Natural Gas Engineering
Not only will graduates be equipped with deep knowledge in petroleum engineering, but they will also gain a comprehensive understanding of geophysics and computer science required for keeping up with current trends. The degree provides technical training on technologies such as drilling operations, safe production of oil and gas wells, maintenance of refineries, and more.
Additionally, due to its broad aspects, the degree creates excellent job opportunities at some of the industry’s top companies in project management and research-based work positions.
Petroleum and Natural Gas Engineering covers numerous areas ranging from geophysics, water interfacing processes to intense programming skills, making it an attractive option for those looking to pursue a STEM degree.
Which STEM Degree Is Right For You?
It’s no secret that a STEM degree can lead to a successful and lucrative career. With so many exciting opportunities available in STEM fields, it’s no wonder many students are choosing degrees from the best STEM schools.
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