What is important when applying for a doctorate depends heavily on the type of doctoral position. In any case, you should know the basic standards.
The way to a doctorate can be quite different:
- Classic individual doctorate, possibly even at the faculty where you have already completed your studies. Or another university or research institute.
- Structured doctorate at a graduate college or graduate school or via a doctoral course
- PhD positions in the private sector
The requirements for applying for a doctorate are as diverse as the possibilities. In the most convenient case, you know the doctoral supervisor from your studies, have already written your thesis with him/her, your doctorate is only the next logical step and the application is a mere formality. But even with an individual doctorate, this is by no means always the case. In the case of doctoral programs at universities, on the other hand, there are usually standardized application procedures.
Given this variety, it is therefore difficult to give specific, general information for a promising application. Basically, however:
- Submit complete application documents.
- Make sure your cover letter is error-free.
Sounds obvious, but it isn’t. Incomplete documents are a common reason for applications being sorted out straight away.
The first step is therefore to obtain precise information from the doctoral body about the formal requirements for the application – and to submit all the documents in one go. If you apply by e-mail, this means: Ideally, your complete application documents are attached in a PDF file. If there are size limits for file attachments that are exceeded, your documents must be divided into meaningful individual files. This can be, for example, outsourcing the often quite extensive exposé to a separate file. It is absolutely necessary to avoid sending your documents in several separate e-mails.
Which Documents are Required?
Cover letter, curriculum vitae, and references are standards. In addition, a letter of motivation and references, as well as a summary of your thesis, may be required. In most cases, however, the synopsis of the dissertation project is the central element when applying for a doctoral position. Unless you are applying for a specified doctoral project, the scope of which has already been determined. Such doctoral projects are not uncommon, especially in the natural sciences.
The Standards: Cover Letter, CV, and References
Roughly the same rules apply to the cover letter as to applications in business: You declare your interest in the position and explain what added value the doctoral provider would have from you as a doctoral student. When it comes to specific job advertisements, the main thing is to establish a connection between the job profile and your qualifications and experience. You have to explain convincingly why you should get the job. Standardized cover letters rarely work. You should tailor each cover letter specifically to the position.
If possible, avoid anonymous salutations with “Dear Sir or Madam”, but research who your contact person is.
The curriculum vitae is usually required in tabular form. List all relevant stations in your career to date in a clear and concise manner. Which data is relevant also depends in part on the desired doctoral position. In business, different experiences are weighted more than in graduate schools and colleges. More on this in the Differences in the application section. As a rule, your school career before the highest school-leaving certificate is not relevant.
Information about your studies, awards, and scholarships received, professional experience and internships as well as previous publications are important. Overall, there should be a common thread running through your CV. Ideally, your CV should prove that you meet the requirements specified in the respective doctoral degree regulations, such as a first-class examination or initial research experience on the subject. Therefore, compare it with the formal requirements.
Only attach certificates for the qualifications mentioned in the CV.
Additional Documents: References and Letter of Motivation
In some advertisements, you are asked to enclose a letter of recommendation or an expert opinion from a lecturer with the letter of application. Good referees are the supervisors of your thesis. However, references from other professors whose focus corresponds to that of the desired doctoral position can also be useful.
Letters of motivation often play an important role, especially in applications for doctoral positions at graduate schools. They are sometimes also required for doctoral positions in business and university doctoral programs. This is about explicitly emphasizing what drives you, where your research interests lie and why you want to do a doctorate in this project.
The letter of motivation gives you the opportunity to sharpen your profile by going into the qualifications mentioned in more detail than in the cover letter or CV. It also offers you the opportunity to give your application a personal touch and – if necessary – to explain any breaks in your CV. You can find specific tips in the academics guide “The letter of motivation when applying to a graduate school”
Differences in Applying to Colleges, Graduate Programs, and Companies
As a general rule, practical experience is given much more importance in business applications than in the university sector. In colleges and graduate schools, grades and your previous academic achievements are of great importance. You should take this into account when preparing your documents. For decision-makers in companies, technically relevant part-time jobs during your studies can be more important than an honors exam or an extensive list of publications. Therefore, when applying to business, you can do without going into more detail when listing academic achievements and successes. This is primarily about results and the practical use of your work.
For applications in the university sector, however, you should describe your previous academic achievements in detail. In any case, this includes the specification of grades and a list of all publications. Special awards, such as prizes for smaller research projects or outstanding academic achievements, should also be mentioned. In the case of cited works, such as the master’s thesis, a brief outline of the content can be useful. Teaching experience can also be an important factor here, but it hardly plays a role in graduate schools and companies.
At graduate schools and colleges, on the other hand, the topic of the dissertation itself can be a decisive factor in the success of your application. This must fit the program of the respective institution. In view of the funding, a high level of motivation and perseverance is important for graduate schools. As a rule, they attach importance to the fact that doctoral candidates also personally fit well into existing research groups and are actively involved there. Therefore, great importance is often attached to the letter of motivation.
In the End
Have trouble creating a strong applicational suite for yourself? In that case, you can always entrust this task to professionals at a research proposal writing service. They will work with your documents and create an impressive applicational suite for you.
Top 5 American Museums That Are Totally Worth the Entrance Fee
Do you know where to go if you want to spend your money wisely? The answer is to head to the museums if you can find the right one.
The American museums with entrance fees in the highest price range offer something that many in the lower price range cannot: complete privacy, incredible artwork, and more.
Want to know where to spend your hard-earned money? Keep reading to learn all about the five most visited American museums.
- The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City
The Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City is one of the world’s largest and most important museums. It has a vast collection of art from around the world and from all periods of history. The museum is located on Fifth Avenue in Manhattan, and it is a must-see for anyone who is interested in art and history.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art is one of the best American museums and tourist destinations in New York City, and it is definitely worth a visit. If you’re looking for an enlightening and enriching experience, watch John Wayne American experience.
- The Getty Center, Los Angeles
Situated on a hilltop in the Brentwood neighborhood of Los Angeles, the Getty Center is surrounded by sweeping views of the city and the Pacific Ocean. The Center’s six buildings house a remarkable collection of art from the Middle Ages to the present, as well as extensive gardens, fountains, and sculptures.
The Getty Center also offers a variety of educational programs, concerts, and public events that are open to the public.
- The Art Institute of Chicago
The collection is vast and varied, with something to appeal to everyone.
The paintings, sculptures, and other artworks are all top-notch, and the museum provides a great opportunity to see some of the world’s finest art in one place.
- The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston
With world-renowned collections of European, American, Asian, and African art, there is something for everyone to enjoy. From ancient Egyptian artifacts to modern masterpieces, the Museum of Fine Arts Houston has it all.
And with a host of special exhibitions and events throughout the year, there is always something new to see. The museum is also located in a beautiful building, and the grounds are lovely to stroll around.
- The Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art, Kansas City
Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art is totally worth the entrance fee if you are looking for an art museum that is sure to impress. This museum is home to more than 42,000 works of art, making it one of the largest art museums in the United States.
Some of the highlights of the collection include paintings by Vincent van Gogh, Rembrandt, and Andy Warhol, as well as a comprehensive collection of Asian art.
Visit The Most Worthwhile American Museums
If you’re looking for a fun and educational way to spend a day, then visiting one of these top 5 American museums is a great option! Each of these museums has something unique to offer, and they’re all totally worth the entrance fee.
So whether you’re interested in art, history, or science, there’s sure to be a museum on this list that’s perfect for you. So what are you waiting for? Go out and explore one of these incredible museums today!
Ready to take on the world in travel and beyond? Check out more of our latest posts and more great travel ideas on our blog!
5 Reasons to Do a Mermaid Photoshoot on Your Next Vacation
Planning a tropical vacation for your next trip?
If so, what better way to show off your adventure on Instagram than with a mermaid photoshoot?
Whether you’re a mermaid enthusiast or looking for a fun activity for you and your friends, look no further than a professional shoot. You can even take them home with you as a memento of your experience.
See below for a list of reasons why having a professional mermaid photoshoot. Let’s begin!
- Embrace the Magic of a Mermaid Makeover
Embrace the magic of a mermaid makeover and experience your own transformation from ordinary to majestic. Get your hair and makeup professionally done, and slip into a beautiful mermaid tail to show off your new underwater look.
Strike a magical pose in the shallow waters and let your unique mermaid persona come out for some stunning shots. Be sure to capture the special moment with lots of photos that you can look back on with fondness.
- Highlight Your Self-Confidence
Show the world your self-confidence in a mermaid photoshoot. Pose with confidence, show your full self-love in each picture, and let the world see your true inner beauty. Be the mermaid you are meant to be, and don’t be afraid to show your true nature.
A mermaid photoshoot is a great way to express yourself and show your wild imagination. Enjoy the waves and sun and embrace the beauty of being a mermaid.
- Unleash Your Creativity
Creative expression is essential for self-care and enjoyment. Unleashing your creativity is a satisfying experience, no matter the age or experience level of the photographer. With the right materials and appetite for adventure, anyone can host a unique, unforgettable mermaid photoshoot.
You can find mermaid photoshoots here that can be used to bring fantasy to life. A simple beach setting with rough waves and a few fish-inspired accessories is great for a more natural look. Give yourself an opportunity to express your creativity and live out a dream in an unforgettable setting.
- Conquer Your Fears and Create Lasting Memories
Mermaids symbolize strength, beauty, and independence. Taking a mermaid photoshoot while you’re on vacation allows you to be brave and move outside of your comfort zone while getting a truly unique set of images to enjoy for years to come.
You can share your mermaid photoshoot with family and friends to showcase your courage and strength. It will make your vacation activities a unique and special experience that you will never forget.
- Embrace Your Inner Aquatic Princess
There is something special about feeling the swish of a tail against the water and allowing yourself to become lost in the fantasy of becoming a mermaid for a day. The perfect mermaid setting could be found on a tropical beach where you can take beautiful and memorable pictures.
Pose in the shallow waters, swim around the coral reefs, or explore a nearby cave. A mermaid photoshoot will be the perfect addition to a sun-filled vacation, and it’s the perfect excuse to be silly and have fun.
The Magical Underwater Adventure Mermaid Photoshoot
Mermaid photoshoots are unique experiences that make for one-of-a-kind memories. They provide a special opportunity to explore fashion, art, and nature in a beautiful setting and capture special moments for a lifetime.
Make sure to put a mermaid photoshoot on your list for your next vacation plans! Don’t wait, and book your photoshoot now!
If you found this article helpful, check out more great travel content on our blog.
Looking For A Wedding Photographer? Then Ask These 5 Questions
Usually the biggest decision after booking your wedding venue and possibly your dress is the photographer. To help you on your way, Richard, a professional UK wedding photographer in Surrey has a simple 5 question guide to finding the right photographer for you.
1. Can I Afford them?
Weddings can be very expensive, but one thing you shouldn’t scrimp on is your wedding photography. After all, when the dinner, drinks and wedding cake has gone and everyone has left the wonderful party, what’s left? Hopefully wonderful memories and also fabulous pictures of your big day.
So allocate a budget and spend as much as you can afford on your wedding photographer. And be aware, if you are offered an exceptional price that includes everything and beats the competition hands down, then it may well be too good to be true. As with all things, caveat emptor, buyer beware.
2. Do You Love Their Work?
When looking at photographers’ portfolios, be it at wedding fairs, online or in person, their work needs to jump out at you and make you smile. It needs to make you feel ‘Yes that’s exactly what I want for my wedding’.
And their style will ultimately depend on your personal taste. Maybe you’re not up for traditional wedding photography, maybe it’s a mixture of classical, artistic and informal reportage? Or maybe you like the fact that the pictures post production haven’t had lots of effects or filters added but look natural as you remembered it?
Whatever it is, only you will know.
3. Can you meet up to discuss your requirements?
It’s great if you can meet your potential photographer to discuss what you are looking for and see some of their past work. You will see their personality first hand and get to see how they communicate so that you know whether you and your family and friends will all get along fine on the big day. Not only that, you get the opportunity to ask them as many questions as you like and if they know their stuff they’ll give you valuable input and advice too. Ideally you can meet them in person but a video meeting and even a phone call would also suffice.
4. Do you feel you’ll be in safe hands?
If they are an experienced full-time professional photographer then they should have covered hundreds of weddings of all sizes, at all sorts of locations and in all sorts of conditions. So whatever is thrown at them, they should be able to cope and provide you with the service and memories you paid them for. If they are part-time wedding photographers then they probably won’t have covered many weddings and won’t be relying 100% on their reputation as a trusted wedding photographer.
5. Have they been highly recommended?
Be it personally, via client reviews on their website or via an independent review service such Google reviews, Instagram or Facebook, there should be plenty of lovely words said about the way they work and the resulting pictures. So when you see lots of reviews with recurring phrases such as ‘everyone loved you’, ‘you simply blended in’, ‘we’re so glad we chose you’, ‘the photos are fantastic’ then that’s a good sign.
Hopefully by asking these 5 questions the task of choosing your wedding photographer should be a lot easier and more rewarding.
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